862. Calandrella brachydactyla

862. Calandrella brachydactyla.

The Short-toed Lark.

Alauda brachydactyla, Leisler, Wetterau Gesellsch. Ann. iii, pp. 357-359 (1812). Calandrella brachydactyla (Leisl.), Hume, S. F. i, p. 213; Adam, S. F. i, p. 389; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 500; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 66; id. Cat. no. 761 (pt.); Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 88 (pt.) ; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 579; Biddulph, Ibis, 1882, p. 285 (pt.); Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 279 (pt.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 580.

Coloration. Upper plumage sandy buff, each feather broadly centred or streaked with dark brown or black, the upper tail-coverts more sandy than the other parts; wing-coverts and quills dark brown broadly edged with fulvous ; middle pair of tail-feathers dark brown broadly edged with rufous ; the next three pairs dark brown, very narrowly margined with fulvous; the penultimate dark brown, with the terminal half of the outer web very pale buff ; the outermost with the outer web nearly entirely pale buff, and the inner web with the inner half brown and the outer half whitish ; lores and a supercilium pale buff; ear-coverts hair-brown ; sides of the neck pale brown; lower plumage dull white, the breast washed with brown ; the breast is frequently streaked with darker brown, but sometimes perfectly plain ; there is almost always a dusky or blackish patch on each side of the breast.

Iris brown; legs and feet brownish flesh-colour ; upper mandible dark horny brown; lower mandible pale fleshy (Butler).

Length about 6.5 ; tail 2.4; wing 3-5 to 3.8; tarsus .8 ; bill from gape .55.

Distribution. A winter visitor to the north-west portion of the Empire, west of a line drawn roughly from Bombay to Kumaun. This species ranges into Turkestan and extends westwards to Europe and Northern Africa.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
862. Calandrella brachydactyla
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Short Toed Lark
Greater Short-toed Lark
Calandrella brachydactyla
Vol. 2

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