(1221) Calandrella brachydactyla longipennis.
The Yarkand Short-toed Lark.
Alauda longipennis Eversm., Bull. Soc. Imp. Mosc, xxi, p. 219 (1848) (Sangarai).
Vernacular names. Pulluk, Akonia (Hind. Bihar).
Description. A pale form of the preceding bird with no reddish tinge on the upper parts; the lower parts are still paler and purer white and the pale parts of the two outer pairs of feathers are practically pure white : the breast also appears to be more strongly striated.
Colours of soft parts as in the Short-toed Lark.
Measurements. Wing 94 to 101 mm.
Distribution. Breeding in the Caucasus, Transcaspia, Turkestan, Afghanistan, East Persia, North to Kuldscha. In Winter Whitehead obtained it in the Khagan and Kurram Valleys and my collectors obtained specimens in N. Cachar and in Dibrugarh. Ticehurst records it as very common in Sind and Whistler equally so in the Punjab, and it extends South to Rajputana and the Central Provinces.
Nidification. Similar to that of C. b. brachydactyla.
Habits. Those of the species. This bird has been much confused in the past both with other races and species of the Short-toed Lark so that little that is on record can be relied on as referring to this race alone. In Winter it is found in India both in cultivation and in deserts where, as Ticehurst remarks, "transient vegetation has, for a few brief weeks after monsoon rains, sprung up and died dov\n again. By the time these Larks arrive there remains nothing of this vegetation, except the fallen seeds, which constitute their food supply."