Butorides javanica, Horsf.
931. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 752; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 24 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 434; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 272 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 136.
THE LITTLE GREEN HERON.
Length, 16 to 17 ; wing, 7; tail, 2.25 ; tarsus, 1.9 ; bill, 2.5.
Bill black, pale yellow beneath ; lores yellowish-green ; irides bright yellow; legs pale yellow-green ; the soles dark yellow.
Head, with lengthened occipital crest, glossy black; a short black line from below the eye, between which and the black head the ear-coverts are greyish-white ; back and sides of neck ashy-grey; feathers of the back, including the scapulars and feathers covering the tertials, lengthened, lanceolate, dull green; the upper ones with an ashy tinge ; rump reddish-ashy ; upper tail-coverts greenish ; wing- coverts glossy green, edged with pale fulvous; quills dark slaty, narrowly tipped with white, and passing into green on the tertials, edged with fulvous ; tail dark slaty, and the lower plumage, with the thigh-coverts, ashy, with a central line down the neck to the breast whitish; the feathers being white at the base and becoming albescent on the vent and under tail-coverts.
The Little Green Heron or Bittern is a common permanent resident throughout the district, breeding in a similar manner to the other members of the family.
The following table may be of some use as it gives the average dimension of the eggs; but they are so much alike, that it is advisable always to shoot a bird off the nest to avoid mistakes.
Jerdon's Number. NAMES. DlMEB
923 Ardea cinerea... 2.27 1.66 Delicate bluish or sea-green.
924 Ardea purpurea 2.17 1.56 Do. do. do.
925 Herodias torra 2.11 1.55 Do. do. do.
926 Herodias intermedia 1.9 1.44 Do. but rather paler.
927 Herodias garzetta 1.73 1.32 Do. do. do.
928 Demi-egretta gularis 1.68 1.3 Do. but still more pale.
929 Bubulcus coromandus 1.71 1.32 White, faintly tinged green-
ish or bluish.
930 Ardeola grayi... 1.48 1.17 Rather deep sea green or
greenish or bluish.
931 Butorides javanica 1.62 1.21 Greenish.
937 Nycticorax griseus 1.92 1.35 Do.