725. Buteo ferox

Buteo ferox (S. G. Gmel.), N. Comm. Petrop, xv. p. 442, tab. x. (1769) ; Shelley, B. of Egypt, p. 201, pl. ix ; Dresser, v. p. 463, pl. 333 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 390 ; B. rufinus (Cretzschm), in Rupp. Atlas, p. 40, Taf. 27 (1826) ; B. leucurus, Naum, in Nauman¬nia, 1853, p. 256, pl. 5 ; B. nigricans, Severtz. Turk. Jevot, pp. 63 and 112 (1873).
Weissschwanziger Adlerbussard, German ; Slepnoi Sarytsch, Russ. ; Zard, Tartar ; Chuhumar, Hindu.
Male ad. (S. Russia). Crown and nape creamy rufous and brown the white bases of the feathers showing through ; upper parts dark brown margined with tawny rufous, the dull grey bases of the wing-coverts showing here and there ; quills dark brown, the outer web washed with silvery grey, the basal part of the inner web of the primaries white ; tail creamy white at the base, darkening to creamy rufous towards the tip ; sides of head, chin, throat, and upper breast creamy white washed with rufous, the two first with dark shaft-stripes ; lower breast und under parts tawny rufous mixed with brown, the flanks and sides chestnut ; under tail-coverts creamy rufous ; bill horn-blue, darker towards the tip cere yellowish green ; legs dull lemon-yellow ; iris tawny yellowish.
Culmen 1.8, wing 16.7, tail 9.5, tarsus 3.7 inch ; tarsus feathered to about 2 inches from the base of the toes. Female similar but rather larger. Young birds are darker and browner, have the under parts dull rufous striped with blackish brown, and the tail grey barred with blackish brown and slightly marked and tipped with rufous. This species is also subject to melanism, and very dark varieties are sometimes met with.
Hab. South-eastern Europe, south through Asia Minor and Palestine ; East Africa, south to Nubia and Abyssinia ; Central Asia, Persia ; the Himalayas east to Sikhim and N. W. India in winter.
In general habits it resembles B. vulgaris but is a heavier and more sluggish bird, frequenting open plains and steppes, and feeds on small mammals, lizards, and snakes, or, where there is water, on frogs. Its nest is constructed of grass or flags, lined with hair, wool, or rags, and is generally placed on the ground or on a rock, though occasionally on a tree. The eggs, 3 or 4, occasionally 5 in number, are usually deposited in April are white faintly clouded with reddish, and more or less spotted and blotched with rich brownish red, in size averaging 2.32 by 1.82.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
725. Buteo ferox
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Long Legged Buzzard
Long-legged Buzzard
Buteo rufinus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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