1242. Archibuteo hemiptilopus.
The Himalayan Rough-legged Buzzard.
Hemiaetus strophiatus, Hodgs. in Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 81 (1844), descr. nulla. Archibuteo strophiatus, Gray, Cat. Mamm. &c. Coll. Hodgs. p. 39 (descr. nulla); Jerdon, Ibis, 1871, p. 340; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 199, pl. vii, fig. 2; Brooks, J. A. S. B. xliii, pt. 2, p. 242 ; id. S. F. iv, p. 272. Archibuteo hemiptilopus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xv, p. 1 (1846); id. Cat. p. 28; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 383; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 94 ; Hume, Rough Notes, p. 292; id. S. F. i, p. 315; iv, p. 369; id. Cat. no. 49; Gurney, Ibis, 1876, p. 370 ; 1879, p. 178. Archibuteo cryptogenys, Hodgson, Colc. Jour. N. H. viii, p. 96, pl. 3, fig. 1 (1848). Archibuteo leucoptera, Hume, S. F. i, p. 318.
The Brown Eagle Buzzard, Jerdon.
Coloration very similar to that of Buteo leucocephalus. Upper parts brown, feathers of nape and upper back broadly edged with rufous, a few of the wing-coverts the same in some specimens; upper tail-coverts with rufous or buff tips and bars, bases of nuchal feathers white; quills as in Buteo ferox; tail brown above, sometimes pale rufous in part, whitish below, barred darker; lower parts brown, with or without rufous, or white with brown spots on the throat and breast; flanks and thigh-coverts always brown. "When the lower parts are brown, the middle of the breast is often white or rufous.
One specimen is dark chocolate-brown throughout, there is scarcely any white even on the bases of the primaries, and pale bands only on the basal portion of the tail. Another described by Mr. Gurney was rufous on the tail and lower parts, the lower breast and abdomen transversely barred with rufous and dark brown.
Bill dusky horn-coloured, yellowish laterally at base of mandible; toes and naked part of tarsus livid waxy, claws horny black (Blyth).
Length 28 inches?; tail 11; wing 20; tarsus 3.25; mid-toe without claw 1.75 ; bill from gape 1.9.
Distribution. A rare bird, of which a few specimens have been obtained at high elevations in Sikhim, Nepal, and Kulu. It has also occurred near Shanghai in China. Nothing is known of its habits.