1418. Oedicnemus scolopax

1418. Oedicnemus scolopax.

The Stone-Curlew.

Charadrius oedicnemus, Linn. Syst. Nat.i, p. 255 (1766). Charadrius scolopax, S. G. Gmel. Reis. Russl. iii, p. 87, pi. 16 (1774). Oedicnemus crepitans, Temm. Man. d'Orn. p. 322 (1815); Blyth, Cat. p. 260 ; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 654; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xxxviii, pt. 2, p. 190; id. Ibis, 1870, p. 470; Hume, S. F. i, p. 232 ; Adam, ibid. p. 395; Butler, S. F. iv, p. 14. Oedicnemus indicus, Salvadori, Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. viii, p. 380 (1865); Hume, N. & E. p. 581; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. 2, p. 251 ; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 227. Oedicnemus scolopax, Dresser, Birds Eur. vii, p. 401, pl. 512 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 458; Hume, Cat. no. 859 ; Doig, S. F. viii, p. 371; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 969 ; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 82 ; Butler, ibid. p. 427 ; Reid, S. F. x, p. 67; Davison, ibid. p. 413 ; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 356: Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 337; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 331. Oedicnemus oedicnemus, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 4.

The Stone-Plover, Jerdon ; Karwanak, Barsiri, H.; Lambi of Falconers ; Kharma, Beng.; Kaledu, Tel.; Kana mosul, Tam.; Bastard Florican of some Anglo-Indians.

Coloration. Upper parts ashy brown, varying to sandy buff, more or less rufescent towards the edges of the feathers, and with black shaft-stripes that are broadest on the back, narrow on the rump and upper tail-coverts ; hind neck often paler than crown ; lores and a streak from thence below the eye, with a superciliary stripe, creamy white; remainder of sides of head pale brown with blackish streaks; smaller wing-coverts rufous brown, streaked blackish, a white or whitish bar across them; median coverts ashy brown with whitish ends, blackish fusiform shaft-stripes, and brown patches near the tips; larger coverts white, each with an oblique subterminal blackish bar ; primary-coverts and quills blackish brown, first two or three primaries with a white patch, by far largest on the first, later primaries with their tips and bases white, earlier secondaries white on basal portion of inner web; tail ashy brown, all the feathers except the middle pair with blackish tips, each crossed by a subterminal white bar; lower parts white, fore neck rufous, and, together with the upper breast, streaked with dark brown shaft-stripes ; under tail-coverts pale rufous. Birds from dry sandy tracts are very pale-coloured.

The. young have the wing-coverts and tail-feathers irregularly banded darker. The nestling is clad in dark sandy-grey down with a few black stripes, especially two down the back.

The Indian bird is on an average smaller than the European, and has generally a white patch on the third primary ; this patch is usually wanting in skins from Europe, but neither distinction is constant.

Bill black at the end, yellow at the base ; irides bright yellow, orbits duller ; legs and feet yellow.

Length about 16; tail 4.25; wing 8.7 (from 8.25 to 9.5); tarsus 3 ; bill from gape 2.

Distribution. Central and Southern Europe, with North Africa, Central and South-western Asia, and throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma in suitable localities ; resident or nearly so.

Habits, &c. This well-known species is chiefly found on dry stony plains, or undulating ground, bare or with scattered bush or scrub jungle, not as a rule on hills, rarely, if ever, in forest. It is a wary bird, and in many respects resembles a Bustard in its habits, having the same trick of hiding by lying down on the bare ground, when it becomes very difficult to detect. It has a peculiar long wild Curlew-like cry, and is somewhat nocturnal; its food consists of insects, worms, snails, &c. The flesh is said to be excellent. It breeds from February to August in India, chiefly about April, and lavs generally two, sometimes three eggs, pale buff to olive-green in colour, blotched with black, sometimes with purplish clouds and spots. The average size of Indian eggs is 1.9 by 1.39. There is no nest.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
1418. Oedicnemus scolopax
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
1418
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
204
Common name: 
Stone Curlew
M_ID: 
3904
M_CN: 
Eurasian Stone-curlew
M_SN: 
Burhinus oedicnemus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
2033

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