Clangula glaucium, Lin,
971bis. :- C. glaucion, Lin. :- Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 296 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. III, p. 285.
THE GOLDEN-EYE OR GARROT.
Length, 16.5 to 19; expanse, 28 to 32 ; wing, 8.6 to 9.35; tail, 3.3 to 4.1 ; tarsus, 1.41 to 1.65; bill from gape, 1.2 to 1.4 ; weight, 2 to 2 10/16 lbs.
Length, 15.7 to 16.5; expanse, 26.3 to 28; wing, 7.5 to 8.25 ; tail, 3 to 3.4 ; tarsus, 1.22 to 1.35 ; bill from gape, 1.12 to 1.19 ; weight, 1 7/16 to 1 14/16 lbs.
Bill, in old males, bluish or greenish-black, duskier and duller colored in old females and young ; nail black; irides vary from orange-yellow to pale yellow.
Male: Head and upper part of the neck deep glossy green, in some lights purple ; throat brownish-black ; a patch of white between the upper mandible and cheek ; lower neck all round, breast, forepart of the abdomen, sides, and lower tail-coverts, white ; axillary feathers and lower wing-coverts blackish-brown; edges of posterior elongated feathers on the sides black ; back, inner and posterior scapulars, black; outer scapulars white with black margins; tail deep brown, tinged with grey ; the sides of the rump and tibia dusky-grey ; feathers on the hind-part of the abdomen, dusky at the base.
Female : Head and upper neck umber-brown; lower neck all round dull ash-grey, the feathers terminally edged paler; lower parts white, but sides of the body, rump, and part of the abdomen, grey; axillaries and lower wing-coverts brownish-grey; back and scapulars deep ashy-grey, shading to black on the hind-back ; tail dark-brown, tinged with grey; smaller wing-coverts deep grey, many of them tipped pale grey ; primaries, their coverts, four outer secondaries, and five inner, with their coverts, brownish-black ; the other secondaries pure white, as on their coverts, except at the base.
Two specimens only have been recorded from India; one of them was obtained 45 years ago by Sir A. Burnes, on the Indus.