864. Clangula albeola

864. Buffle-headed Duck.
CLANGULA ALBEOLA.
Clangula albeola (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 199 (1766) ; (Audub.) B. Am. vi. p. 369, pl. 408 ; Dresser, vi. p. 589, pl. 439 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 385 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1174 ; (Bidgway), p. 106 ; Saunders, p. 453 ; Lilford, vii. p, 117, pl. 49.
Male ad. (New Brunswick). Head and upper neck black, glossed with metallic green and purple ; a large white patch from behind the eye extending, across the occiput ; lower neck, central and larger wing-coverts, outer scapu¬lars, and speculum white ; upper parts otherwise black ; tail grey ; under parts white ; bill blackish plumbeous ; legs and feet yellowish pink ; iris deep brown. Culmen 1.45, wing 6.7, tail 2.9, tarsus 1.3 inch. The female has the head, neck, and upper parts blackish brown ; a white patch on the ear-coverts, and a band across the wing white ; under parts white, the flanks tinged with ashy grey.
Hab. The Northern United States and British North America, migrating south in winter to Mexico and the West Indies ; a¬ very rare straggler to Great Britain, and has once been obtained on Bering Island, North-east Asia.
In general habits it resembles C. glaucion, but is if anything a more expert diver, and will dive at the flash of a gun, hence its local name on the North American coasts of Spirit Duck and Dipper. In the summer it feeds on vegetable matter, snails, worms, &c., and in the winter when off the sea-coast on small shell-fish, shrimps, &c. Like the Golden-eye it is a tree- breeder, nesting in hollow trees and deposits 8 to 10 eggs which are buffy or yellowish white and measure about 1.98 by 1.46.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
864. Clangula albeola
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
864
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
623
Common name: 
Buffle Headed Duck
M_ID: 
551
M_CN: 
Bufflehead
M_SN: 
Bucephala albeola
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10100

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