Ardea coromanda (Bodd.), Tabl. Pl. Enl. p. 54 (1783) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 217 ; Seebohm, B. Tap. Emp. p. 219 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 985 ; (Blanf.), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 389.
Surkhia-bagla, Hindu. ; Ama-sagi, Jap.
ad. (India). Differs from A. ibis in breeding-dress, in having the head, neck, throat, and pectoral plumes bright orange, the dorsal plumes vinous sienna tinged with golden yellow, and shorter than in A. ibis, scarcely extending beyond the tail. Culmen 2.2, wing 10.0, tail 3.75, tarsus 3.5 inch.
Hab. India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Cochin China and China ; the Ussuri country ; Japan ; Corea ; south to the Philippines and Moluccas ; is said to have occurred in Italy.
Differs but little from A. ibis, of which it is merely the eastern form ; and in habits and nidification it does not differ from that species. In India it breeds from June to August, nesting in colonies in trees, and depositing 8 to 5 eggs, resembling those of A. ibis and measuring about 1.71 by 1.32.
796. Ardea coromanda