701. Bubo ascalaphus

701. EGYPTIAN EAGLE-OWL.
BUBO ASCALAPHUS.
Bubo ascalaphus, Savigny, Ois. de l'Egypte, &c. p. 50, No. 25, pl. v (1810) ; Gould, B. of. E. i. pl. 37 ; Sharpe, Oat. B. Br. Mus. ii. p. 24 ; Dresser, ix. p. 267, pl. 692 ; “A. savignii, Geoffr. St. Hill”, Gray Gen. of B. p. 7 (1841).
Baf-relid, Arabic.
Male ad. (Egypt). Upper parts warm rufous buff, matted with blackish, brown and white, the tail-coverts barred with blackish brown ; tail rufous- buff barred with dark brown, the middle feathers paler ; chin and throat white ; rest of under parts buff, the breast and upper flanks blotched, the rest of the under parts barred with brown ; legs and feet feathered, buff, barred with pale brown ; iris deep yellow, beak and claws blackish horn. Culmen 2.2, wing 15.4, tail 9.3, tarsus 3.0 inch. The female differs only in being larger.
Hab. Northern Africa from Morocco to Egypt, south to Abyssinia, and Central Nubia.
Inhabits rocky gorges and desert places, old ruins, etc., is nocturnal, and in its general habits resembles B. ignavus. In Egypt it breeds in March or early in April, depositing 2 or 3 roundish, pure white eggs which are finer in grain of shell than those of the Eagle Owl, in size about the same as those of the Lapp Owl, measuring about 2.13 by 1.67.
This Owl is subject to considerable variation in tone of colour, and Baron von Erlanger has described and figured (J. f. O. 1898, pp. 492, 495, taf. xii xiii.) two of the pale varieties from Tunis., separating them subspecifically under the names Bubo ascalaphus barbarus and B. a. desertorum.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
701. Bubo ascalaphus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
701
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
492
Common name: 
Egyptian Eagle Owl
M_ID: 
6553
M_CN: 
Eurasian Eagle-Owl
M_SN: 
Bubo bubo
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10228

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