829. BRENT GOOSE.
Branta bernicla (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 198 (1766) ; (Wils.), Am. Orn. viii. pl. 72, fig. 1 ; (Audub.), B. Am. vi. p. 203, pl. 379 ; Salvad. Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 119 ; Ridgway, p. 118 ; B. torquata (Naum.), xi. p. 393, Taf. 292 (nec. Gmel.) ; B. brenta (Tunst.), Orn. Brit. p. 4 (1771) ; (Gould), B. of E. v. pl. 352 ; (id.) B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 7 ; (Dresser), vi. p. 389, pl. 415, fig. 2 ; (Saunders), p. 411 ; (Lilford), vii. p. 69, pl. 26.
Bernache cravant, French ; Oca colombaccio, Ital. ; Ringel-Gans, German ; Rotgans, Dutch ; Knortegaas, Dan. ; Gaul, Ringgaas, Norweg. ; Prutgas, Swed. ; Kaulushanhi, Sepelhanhi, Finn. ; Koku-gan, Jap.
Male ad. (England). Head, neck, upper back and breast black ; sides of the neck marked with white ; rest of back, scapulars, and wing-coverts dark brown margined with lighter brown ; rump blackish brown, the sides and upper tail-coverts white ; tail and quills blackish brown ; under parts white, the upper parts indistinctly barred with pale ashy brown ; flanks ashy brown with white margins ; bill and legs black ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 12.6, tail 4.2, tarsus 2.1 inch. Female similar. The young bird has the plumage duller than the adult.
Hab. The high north of Europe, Asia and Eastern North America, in winter migrating south to the British Islands, con¬tinental Europe, and sparingly to the Mediterranean ; in Asia south to Japan ; in America south to the Mississippi valley.
Is essentially a bird of the coast and is seldom found far from the sea. It feeds chiefly on vegetable matter but is also said to eat small shellfish and marine insects. It breeds in Spits-bergen, Greenland, and the north of Siberia, &c. ; its nest, which is a bulky structure of grass and moss lined with down, is placed on the ground not far from the sea. The eggs usually 4 in number are creamy white, smooth in surface of shell and measure about 2.88 by 1.85.
829. Branta bernicla
829. BRENT GOOSE.