197. Drymochares cruralis.
The White-browed Short-wing.
Calliope cruralis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 933 (1843). Brachypteryx cruralis (Bl.),Cat. p. 178; Horsf. & M. Cut. i, p. 397 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 495; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102; Blanf. J A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 160 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 219; Ward-law Ramsay, Ibis, 1875, p. 852 ; Wald. in Bl. Birds Burm. p. 99; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 230 ; Hume, Cat. no. 338; Oates, B. B. i, p. 19 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 26. Brachypteryx rufifrons, Jerd. & Bl. P. Z. S. 1861, p. 201. Brachypteryx hyperythra, Jerd. & Bl. apud Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102. Drymochares cruralis (Blyth), Oates in Hume's TV. E. 2nd ed. i, p. 129.
Coloration. Male. Whole plumage slaty blue, the exposed portions of the quills duller; middle of the abdomen tinged with ashy; lores and a frontal band black bordered above by white produced backwards over the eye.
Female. Lores, forehead, and round the eye bright ferruginous; sides of the head rufous-brown; upper plumage rufescent olive-brown ; tail and the outer webs of the wings chestnut-brown ; lower plumage ashy brown tinged with rufous, especially on the under tail-coverts; a broad but partially concealed supercilium white.
The young resemble the female, but at first they have no trace of the white supercilium.
Iris brown; bill brown; legs greyish brown ( Wardlaw Ramsay).
Length about 5.2; tail 1.9; wing 2.6; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim ; the Khasi hills; Karennee at 5200 feet. This species occurs up to 8000 feet or higher.
Habits, &c. But little is known of the habits of this bird. It appears to breed from April to June. The nest according to Hodgson is a globular structure of moss and roots. Hume describes several nests found by Mandelli's men as massive, shallow cups composed of fine black roots with a few leaves and a little moss. Both authorities agree in stating that the nest is built a short distance off the ground in brushwood. The eggs are described as being white and measuring about .88 by .63.