197. Drymochares cruralis

197. Drymochares cruralis.

The White-browed Short-wing.

Calliope cruralis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 933 (1843). Brachypteryx cruralis (Bl.),Cat. p. 178; Horsf. & M. Cut. i, p. 397 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 495; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102; Blanf. J A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 160 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 219; Ward-law Ramsay, Ibis, 1875, p. 852 ; Wald. in Bl. Birds Burm. p. 99; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 230 ; Hume, Cat. no. 338; Oates, B. B. i, p. 19 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 26. Brachypteryx rufifrons, Jerd. & Bl. P. Z. S. 1861, p. 201. Brachypteryx hyperythra, Jerd. & Bl. apud Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102. Drymochares cruralis (Blyth), Oates in Hume's TV. E. 2nd ed. i, p. 129.

Coloration. Male. Whole plumage slaty blue, the exposed portions of the quills duller; middle of the abdomen tinged with ashy; lores and a frontal band black bordered above by white produced backwards over the eye.

Female. Lores, forehead, and round the eye bright ferruginous; sides of the head rufous-brown; upper plumage rufescent olive-brown ; tail and the outer webs of the wings chestnut-brown ; lower plumage ashy brown tinged with rufous, especially on the under tail-coverts; a broad but partially concealed supercilium white.

The young resemble the female, but at first they have no trace of the white supercilium.

Iris brown; bill brown; legs greyish brown ( Wardlaw Ramsay).

Length about 5.2; tail 1.9; wing 2.6; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape .7.

Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim ; the Khasi hills; Karennee at 5200 feet. This species occurs up to 8000 feet or higher.

Habits, &c. But little is known of the habits of this bird. It appears to breed from April to June. The nest according to Hodgson is a globular structure of moss and roots. Hume describes several nests found by Mandelli's men as massive, shallow cups composed of fine black roots with a few leaves and a little moss. Both authorities agree in stating that the nest is built a short distance off the ground in brushwood. The eggs are described as being white and measuring about .88 by .63.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
197. Drymochares cruralis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
197
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
188
Common name: 
White Browed Short Wing
M_ID: 
28099
M_SN: 
Brachypteryx montana cruralis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
268

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith