197. Drymochares cruralis

197. Drymochares cruralis.

The White-browed Short-wing.

Calliope cruralis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 933 (1843). Brachypteryx cruralis (Bl.),Cat. p. 178; Horsf. & M. Cut. i, p. 397 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 495; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102; Blanf. J A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 160 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 219; Ward-law Ramsay, Ibis, 1875, p. 852 ; Wald. in Bl. Birds Burm. p. 99; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 230 ; Hume, Cat. no. 338; Oates, B. B. i, p. 19 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 26. Brachypteryx rufifrons, Jerd. & Bl. P. Z. S. 1861, p. 201. Brachypteryx hyperythra, Jerd. & Bl. apud Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 102. Drymochares cruralis (Blyth), Oates in Hume's TV. E. 2nd ed. i, p. 129.

Coloration. Male. Whole plumage slaty blue, the exposed portions of the quills duller; middle of the abdomen tinged with ashy; lores and a frontal band black bordered above by white produced backwards over the eye.

Female. Lores, forehead, and round the eye bright ferruginous; sides of the head rufous-brown; upper plumage rufescent olive-brown ; tail and the outer webs of the wings chestnut-brown ; lower plumage ashy brown tinged with rufous, especially on the under tail-coverts; a broad but partially concealed supercilium white.

The young resemble the female, but at first they have no trace of the white supercilium.

Iris brown; bill brown; legs greyish brown ( Wardlaw Ramsay).

Length about 5.2; tail 1.9; wing 2.6; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape .7.

Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim ; the Khasi hills; Karennee at 5200 feet. This species occurs up to 8000 feet or higher.

Habits, &c. But little is known of the habits of this bird. It appears to breed from April to June. The nest according to Hodgson is a globular structure of moss and roots. Hume describes several nests found by Mandelli's men as massive, shallow cups composed of fine black roots with a few leaves and a little moss. Both authorities agree in stating that the nest is built a short distance off the ground in brushwood. The eggs are described as being white and measuring about .88 by .63.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
197. Drymochares cruralis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Browed Short Wing
Brachypteryx montana cruralis
Vol. 1

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