1099. Batrachostomus moniliger

1099. Batrachostomus moniliger.

The Ceylonese Frogmouth.

Podargus javanicus, apud Blyth, J. A. S. B. xi, p. 798. Podargus javanensis, apud Jerdon, Madr. Jour. L. S. xiii, pt. 2, p. 143 ; Blyth, J. A. 8. B. xiv, p. 309 (nec Horsfield). Batrachostomus moniliger, Layard, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 806; Layard, A. M. N. H. (2) xii, p. 165; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 189; Holdsiv. P. Z. S. 1872, p. 420 ; Legge, Ibis, 1874, p. 12; id. S. F. iii, p. 198; Hume & Bourd. S. F. iv, p. 376 ; Tweeddale, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 439, pis. xlviii, xlix; Hume, Cat. no. 105; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 331; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 38; Hartert, Cat. B. M. xvi, p. 644. Batrachostomus punctatus, Hume, S. F. i, p. 432; ii, p. 355; iii, p. 199; iv, p. 377; id. Cat. no. 105 bis; Blanford, Ibis, 1877, p. 252; Tweeddale, ibid. p. 391; Hume, Ibis, 1878, p. 122.

The Wynaad Frogmouth, Jerdon.

Coloration. Male. General tint mottled grey, with a more or less rufous tinge; supercilia whitish; black spots, each terminated by a buff speck, on the crown and back; a white collar on the hind-neck; scapulars and tertiaries whitish, quills dark brown, with buff or rufous spots on the outer webs ; tail with pale and dark cross-bands; lower parts much like the upper, with an imperfect white gorget, and much white on the abdomen.

Female. Dull rufous, like B. affinis ; supercilia pale; an indistinct white collar on the hind-neck; scapulars with very small subterminal black spots tipped with minute white specks ; some white spots at the ends of the wing-coverts; beneath, the abdomen is much paler; there is a band across the throat of feathers white at the end with a somewhat irregular subterminal black bar; similar feathers are scattered over the abdomen. The upper parts are usually more or less mottled with blackish, and there are indications of cross-bars to the tail-feathers. Young birds are greatly mottled throughout.

Bill olive-brown, the lower mandible paler; irides yellow; legs and feet fleshy grey (Legge). Tarsus feathered for the greater part of its length.

Length about 9 ; tail 4.5 ; wing 4.75 ; tarsus .6; width of bill at gape 1.3. The type of B. punctatus was exceptionally small, tail 4, wing 4.3.

Distribution. Throughout Ceylon, in Travancore, and doubtless in the Wynaad.

Habits, &c. A shy nocturnal bird, living in forest, and very seldom seen. Legge, in Ceylon, once found one sleeping perched across a bamboo in the daytime. "When thus perched its bill was turned upwards and its eyes closed. Both Legge and Bourdillon noticed a loud chuckling cry, which they attributed to this bird, and both think this species less rare than it appears to be. Bourdillon obtained a young one and the nest in Travancore on February 24th; the nest was a pad, inches broad, of dead leaves, fragments of bark, dry wood, and lichen interwoven with vegetable down, in the fork of a sapling about 15 feet from the ground. Fragments of the egg showed that it was pure white, smooth, and glossless.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1099. Batrachostomus moniliger
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Ceylonese Frogmouth
Sri Lanka Frogmouth
Batrachostomus moniliger
Vol. 3

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