1097. Batrachostomus hodgsoni,
Batrachostomus affinis, apud Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 806 (nec xvi, p. 1180); Walden, Ibis, 1876, p. 355; Tweeddale, Ibis. 1877, p. 388, partim; id. P. Z. S. 1877, p. 426, pt, ; Oates, B. B. ii; p. 15, pt.; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) vii, p. 382. Otothrix hodgsoni, G. R. Gray, P. Z. S. 1859, p, 101, pl. clii; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 190; id. Ibis, 1871, p. 356; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 377. Batrachostomus castaneus, Hume, S. F. ii, p. 349; vii, p. 148; Blanf. Ibis, 1877, p. 251; Tweeddale, ibid. p. 388; Hume, Ibis, 1878, p.120. Batrachostomus hodgsoni, Walden in Blyth's Birds Burm. p. 83; Hume, S. F. vi, p. 53; xi, p. 34; id. Cat. no. 106; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 39; Hartert, Cat. B. M. xvi, p. 642. Batrachostomus javensis, Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlvii, pt. 2, p. 13; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 147. Sumbong, Naga, Manipur.
Coloration. Male. Upper surface brown, an intimate mixture' of black and rufous or buff; supercilia whitish; crown and nape with irregular black blotches; a few smaller black spots on the back; a whitish collar produced by white feathers with black cross-bands round the hind-neck; much white on the scapulars and whitish buff on the tertiaries ; quills brown, the outer webs and tips mottled and spotted with rufous-white; tail banded, paler and darker, the cross-bands with imperfect blackish-brown edges; lower surface paler than upper, of rufous, white, and black mixed, white prevailing on the abdomen; a more or less distinct white band across the lower throat.
Female. Rich chestnut throughout; supercilia white; chin vent, and lower tail-coverts whitish; a nuchal collar of white feathers banded with dark brown; some of the scapulars, a band of feathers across the throat, and a second across the breast white with black borders; tail with darker mottled cross-bands.
Young very imperfectly known, probably each resembles an adult of the same sex.
Bill light madder; irides marbled buff; legs light madder tinged with violet ( W. Ramsay).
Length about 10.5; tail 6; wing 5.3; tarsus .65 ; width of bill at gape 1.2.
Distribution. Sikhim, at low elevations; Naga hills; Manipur; Toungngoo in Burma; Karennee. Probably throughout the country from Sikhim to Northern Tenasserim, but apparently very rare.
Habits, &c. Scarcely known at all, but doubtless similar to those of other species. The stomach of a female brought to Mr. Hume in Manipur contained beetles. The breeding-season appears to be from April to June ; the nests are either circular pads or deep cups composed of moss, roots, or leaves and twigs, lined with grass or down, placed on a branch or the stem of a tree. The eggs, one or two in number, are glossless white, and measure about 1.09 by .64.