1097. Batrachostomus hodgsoni

1097. Batrachostomus hodgsoni,

Hodgson's Frogmouth.

Batrachostomus affinis, apud Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 806 (nec xvi, p. 1180); Walden, Ibis, 1876, p. 355; Tweeddale, Ibis. 1877, p. 388, partim; id. P. Z. S. 1877, p. 426, pt, ; Oates, B. B. ii; p. 15, pt.; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) vii, p. 382. Otothrix hodgsoni, G. R. Gray, P. Z. S. 1859, p, 101, pl. clii; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 190; id. Ibis, 1871, p. 356; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 377. Batrachostomus castaneus, Hume, S. F. ii, p. 349; vii, p. 148; Blanf. Ibis, 1877, p. 251; Tweeddale, ibid. p. 388; Hume, Ibis, 1878, p.120. Batrachostomus hodgsoni, Walden in Blyth's Birds Burm. p. 83; Hume, S. F. vi, p. 53; xi, p. 34; id. Cat. no. 106; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 39; Hartert, Cat. B. M. xvi, p. 642. Batrachostomus javensis, Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlvii, pt. 2, p. 13; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 147. Sumbong, Naga, Manipur.

Coloration. Male. Upper surface brown, an intimate mixture' of black and rufous or buff; supercilia whitish; crown and nape with irregular black blotches; a few smaller black spots on the back; a whitish collar produced by white feathers with black cross-bands round the hind-neck; much white on the scapulars and whitish buff on the tertiaries ; quills brown, the outer webs and tips mottled and spotted with rufous-white; tail banded, paler and darker, the cross-bands with imperfect blackish-brown edges; lower surface paler than upper, of rufous, white, and black mixed, white prevailing on the abdomen; a more or less distinct white band across the lower throat.

Female. Rich chestnut throughout; supercilia white; chin vent, and lower tail-coverts whitish; a nuchal collar of white feathers banded with dark brown; some of the scapulars, a band of feathers across the throat, and a second across the breast white with black borders; tail with darker mottled cross-bands.

Young very imperfectly known, probably each resembles an adult of the same sex.

Bill light madder; irides marbled buff; legs light madder tinged with violet ( W. Ramsay).

Length about 10.5; tail 6; wing 5.3; tarsus .65 ; width of bill at gape 1.2.

Distribution. Sikhim, at low elevations; Naga hills; Manipur; Toungngoo in Burma; Karennee. Probably throughout the country from Sikhim to Northern Tenasserim, but apparently very rare.

Habits, &c. Scarcely known at all, but doubtless similar to those of other species. The stomach of a female brought to Mr. Hume in Manipur contained beetles. The breeding-season appears to be from April to June ; the nests are either circular pads or deep cups composed of moss, roots, or leaves and twigs, lined with grass or down, placed on a branch or the stem of a tree. The eggs, one or two in number, are glossless white, and measure about 1.09 by .64.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1097. Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Hodgsons Frogmouth
Hodgson's Frogmouth
Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Vol. 3

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