1082. Bartramia longicauda

Bartramia longicauda (Bechst.), Kurze Uebers. Latham. p. 453, pl. 184 (1811) ; (Dresser), viii. p. 119, pl. 562 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 509 ; Ridgway, p. 169 ; Saunders, p. 603 ; Lilford, v. p. 101, pl. 44 ; Poynting, p. 187, pl. 40 ; Tringa bartramia, Wils. Am. Orn. vii. p. 63, pl. 50, fig. 2 ; (Gould), P. of E. iv. pl. 313 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 63 ; (Naum.), viii. p. 43, Taf. 196.
Male ad. (Wisconsin). Forehead buffy white marked with blackish brown ; crown blackish brown and rufous buff with an irregular central buff stripe ; bind neck brownish buff and black ; back and rump blackish brown, the former with rufous buff margins ; upper surface of wings greyish buff barred with blackish brown ; tail long, graduated, the middle feathers buffy brown, the rest pale rufous, all barred with black, the latter tipped with white and with a large subterminal black bar ; chin and fore face white ; neck and breast buffy white, the former striped, the latter margined with black ; rest of under parts white, the flanks and under wing- surface barred with black ; bill yellowish at base, otherwise blackish ; legs clay-yellow ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.4, wing 6.65, tail 3.6, tarsus 1.95. Sexes alike. In winter the upper parts are paler, and the under parts less boldly marked.
Hab. Eastern and Central America, north to the Yukon valley and Nova Scotia, south in winter to Brazil and Peru ; of rare and accidental occurrence in Britain, Germany, Holland, Malta, Italy, and has been once recorded from Australia.
Frequents the grays prairies, where it is not seen in flocks, but singly or in pairs. Its call, when it takes wing, is a melodious whistle of three notes. As a rule it is not shy, and will often squat, reminding one of a Stone Curlew. Its food consists chiefly of insects, especially grasshoppers, and it is also known to eat berries. Its flesh is extremely well flavoured, and in the autumn it is very fat. Its nest is a mere hollow in the ground, and the eggs, 4 in number, are usually laid in June, and are pale clay ochreous or creamy drab with numerous purplish grey shell-markings and umber-brown surface spots, and measure about 1.75 by 1.28.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1082. Bartramia longicauda
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Bartram’s Sandpiper
Upland Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
Vol. 2

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