319. Fuligula marila.
THE SCAUP POCHARD.
Marila, from =the embers of charcoal; from its pitch-black fore parts.
Male 18" to 20". Female 19" to 20". Legs ashy. Bill blue, black tip. Head, neck, and breast deep black. No distinct crest. Speculum, abdomen, and sides white. Back and scapulars grey, irregularly waved black.— Female: Head, neck, back, and upper breast brown. Forehead, lores, and chin white, encircling the base of the bill. Breeds in the Arctic region as far north as lat. 70°, and visits in winter the basin of the Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Seas, N. India (rarely), China, Formosa, Japan, and corresponding latitudes in N. America. Eggs (2.7 x 1.5) pale buff. Corresponds with F. nearctica of N. America, and F. marilloides of E. Asia. (J. 970. B. 1608.)
Also F. affinis. 16". Similar to F. marila, but head and neck are glossed with purple instead of green. N. America.