14. Argusianus argus.
THE ARGUS PEA-PHEASANT.
Quon (Malay) ; Kyek-wah, Siam.
Male 70" to 73" tail from vent 49" to 52"; 4 1/2 to lbs. Female 27" to 30", tail from vent 12 1/2" to 13"; 3 1/4 to 3 3/4 lbs. Legs bright red. Bill white. Facial skin dull pale indigo.— Male: Mantle black, mottled buff. Back and rump buff, with rounded black spots. Secondary quills with a row of large ocelli on outer webs. These eye-like spots are remarkable, and resemble balls lying loosely in sockets. The series of feathers in the wing show gradation in ornament from the more ordinary forms of feather marking, through what Darwin calls the "elliptic ornaments" of the smaller feathers, up to the perfect "ball-and-socket ocelli" on the larger quills.— Female: Primary quills chestnut, irregularly marked with black. No ocelli on wings. Seven or eight eggs (2.6 x 1.9), creamy, speckled red-brown. Range from Malay Peninsula to Siam and S. Tenasserim. (B. 1326. O. 59.)
Also A. grayi. Male 60". Female 29". Differs from A. argus in having mantle and wing-coverts mottled, white, and rufous. Lower back and rump rufous-buff—Female: Neck rust-red. Below sandy brown. Borneo.
A. bipunctatus. Wood's Argus Pheasant. Primary with red-brown band minutely dotted
white on both webs. Range unknown.
Also the genus Rheinardtius, the Crested Argus Pheasant from Tonkin. One species.
B. ocellatus. Male 84". Female 31". General colour dark brown, mixed rufous, thickly spotted
and marked white.— Female: Amber-brown, transversely mottled black and buff.