Ardea purpurea

Ardea purpurea, Lin.

924. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 743 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 23 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 433; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 269; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 135.


Length, 36 to 42 ; expanse, 58 ; wing, 15.5 ; tail, 5.75; tarsus, 5.25 ; bill at front, 5.4,

Bill deep yellow, brownish above ; orbitar skin greenish-yellow; irides yellow; tarsus reddish-brown, yellowish behind and on the soles of the feet.

Adult in full plumage: crown and occipital crest black with green reflections; throat white ; cheeks and sides of the neck reddish-brown, with three longitudinal narrow black bands, two lateral ones from the eyes to the breast, and the third from the nape down the black of the neck; neck in front variegated with rufous black and purple, the feathers on the top of the breast long and acuminated, purplish-white ; back, wings, and tail, reddish-ash ; the scapulars purple, long, and subulate, forming a brilliant plume on each side ; breast and flanks deep brownish-red ; belly and thigh-coverts the same, but paler and mixed with white.

The immature bird has the crest, scapulars and neck plumes deficient; the forehead black ; the nape and cheeks pale rufous ; the throat white ; the forepart of the neck and the sides of the breast yellowish-white, with black spots; back, wings, and tail, dusky-ash, the feathers edged with reddish-ash; lower parts whitish.

The Purple Heron is common in suitable places throughout the district. The remarks concerning breeding apply to this species also.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Ardea purpurea
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Purple Heron
Purple Heron
Ardea purpurea
Term name: 

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