1362. Arboricola torqueola.
The Common Hill-Partridge.
Perdix torqueola, Valenciennes, Dict. Sci. Nat. xxxviii, p. 435 (1825). Perdix megapodia, Temm. Pl. Col. pls. 462, 463 (1828). Perdix olivacea, Gray in Griffith's An. Kingd., Aves, iii, p. 54 (1829). Perdix torquata, Less. Traite, p. 506 (1831). Arboriphila torqueola, Gray, Cat. Mamm. &c. Coll, Hodgs. p. 127 ; Hume, N. & E p. 544; id. S. F. ii, p. 449. Arboricola torqueola, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 819; id. Cat. p. 252; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 577; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. 2, p. 69; Godw-Aust. J. A. S. B. xiv, pt. 2, p. 203; Hume, Cat. no. 824 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 349 ; Hume & Marsh. Game B. ii, p. 69, pl. ; C. H. T. Marshall, Ibis, 1884, p. 423; Ogilvie Grant, Ibis, 1892, p. 392; id. Cat. B. M. xxii, p. 207.
The Black-throated Hill-Partridge, Jerdon; Peunra, Ban-titar, H. (Kumaun, Nepal, &c.) ; Roli, Ram Chukru, Chamba ; Kaindal, Kangra ; Ko-hum-but,Lepcha,.
Coloration. Male. Crown bright chestnut; nape the same spotted with black; ear-coverts paler rufous and with a rufous streak, mixed with black, running back from them; sides of head, including lores and supercilia, and chin black; throat and sides of neck the same, except that the feathers are edged with white at the sides ; a white moustachial streak ; upper parts golden olive-brown ; feathers of the back tipped and barred with black, the subterminal bars on the lower back, rump, and upper tail-coverts becoming triangular spots ; scapulars, tertiaries, and wing-coverts pale golden brown, broadly edged with chestnut, and all, except the outer wing-coverts, with large black subterminal spots; quills dark brown ; primaries narrowly bordered outside, and secondaries mottled on outer web with rufous; tail-feathers olive-brown, irregularly barred and mottled with black ; a white gorget below the black throat; breast slaty grey, the feathers with narrow golden-olive or rufous edges ; middle of abdomen white ; sides and flanks grey, each feather with an elongate white spot and broadly edged with chestnut; lower flanks, thighs, and vent brown, with buff edges and black bars ; under tail-coverts black with white tips.
Females differ from males in having the crown and nape brown, streaked with black; ear-coverts brown; sides of head and the whole throat rufous, with black terminal spots on the feathers ; the wing-coverts are more spotted and barred with black; a ferruginous gorget above the breast, which is tinted with golden buff; the white spots on the flanks are larger and generally extend to the lower breast; they, however, disappear from the breast with age, and are found there in young males also.
Bill black; irides brown ; orbital skin crimson in old males, purplish red in younger birds and in females; legs grey tinged with reddish fleshy (Hume).
Length about 11 ; tail 3; wing 6; tarsus 1.75.; bill from gape .9. Males average larger than females.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Chamba to east of Sikhim. Found also by Godwin-Austen in the Naga hills and the higher ranges north of Manipur*. This species is commonest between 5000 and 8000 or 9000 feet, but is found occasionally at considerably higher elevations up to 14,000.