909. Arachnothera longirostris.
The Little Spider-hunter.
Certhia longirostra, Lath. Ind. Om. i, p. 299 (1790). Arachnothera affinis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xv, p. 43 (1846) ; id. Cat. p. 222. Arachnothera pusilla, Blyth, Cat. p. 328 (1849) ; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 730; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 361; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 85. Arachnothera longirostra (Lath.), Shelley, Mon. Nect. pp. xlix, l, 357, pl. 114; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 397; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 174 ; Hume, Cat. no. 224; Gadow, Cat. B. M. ix, p. 103 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 330; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 135; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 80.
Coloration. Male. Upper plumage olive-green, the feathers of the forehead and crown centred with dark brown; lesser wing-coverts like the back ; greater coverts and the wings brown, edged with olive-green; tail blackish, tipped with dull white and obsoletely margined with olive-green; lores whitish ; sides of the head ashy brown ; a short moustachial streak dark brown; chin and throat dull white ; remainder of lower plumage deep yellow ; a tuft of feathers on each side the breast chrome-yellow.
Female. Differs in wanting the pectoral chrome-yellow tufts.
Bill above brown, below plumbeous- iris dark brown; legs plumbeous; claws horn-colour.
Length 6.3; tail 1.6; wing 2.6 ; tarsus .65 ; bill from gape 1.5.
Distribution. The Western Ghats of India from the Palni hills to about the latitude of Belgaum, up to about 5500 feet; the extreme eastern part of Assam; Cachar; Tipperah; Sylhet; Manipur; Chittagong; Arrakan; Pegu and the whole of Tenasserim, extending down the Malay peninsula to the islands.
Habits, &c. The nest of this species has not yet been found within Indian limits, but Bernstein, who procured it elsewhere, describes it as being oval and attached to the underside of a large leaf which forms the back wall of the nest.