730. Bonelli’s Eagle.
Hieraetus fasciatus (Vieill.), Mem. Linn. Soc. Paris, p. 152 (1822) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 250 ; (Dresser), v. p. 575, pls. 351, tig. 1, 352, 353 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 342 ; H. bonellii (Temm.) Pl. Col. i. pl. 288 (1824) ; Naum. xiii. p. 33, Taf. 341 Gould, B. of E. i. pl. 7.
Aigle a queue barree, French ; Aguila perdicera, Span. ; Aquila del Bonelli, Ital. ; Habichts-Adler, German ; Morangi, Hindu. ; Agab, Arab. ; Teir-Thum, Moor.
Male ad. (Morocco). Upper parts dark brown, the feathers on the head and back white on the basal portion ; dorsal feathers to some extent, scapulars, and wing-coverts narrowly, and. those on the head and nape more broadly margined with light brown ; quills deep brown, mottled with white on the basal part of the inner web ; middle tail feathers brownish grey, the rest grey on the inner web, all with six or seven cross bars, and a broad subterminal band of blackish ; under parts white, striped with blackish brown, the abdomen, thighs, and legs washed with warm buff ; legs feathered to the toes ; bill dull bluish at the base, otherwise black ; cere and feet yellow ; iris orange-brown. Culmen 2.1, wing 18.6, tail 11.6, tarsus 3.8 inch. Female similar but larger. The young bird has the upper parts umber brown, and the under parts dull reddish, striped with blackish.
Hab. Southern Europe ; Africa south to Damaraland, commoner in the west than in the east ; Arabia ; Asia Minor, and Asia east to India.
Resembles the Goshawk more than the true Eagles, stronger and swifter on the wing, its flight somewhat resembling that of the Goshawk. It is essentially a clean feeder, disdaining carrion, and preying on water-fowl, rabbits, and birds of various kinds as large as the Little Bustard. Its nest is usually placed on the shelf or in a fissure of a cliff, and is constructed of sticks and boughs with a lining of fresh green twigs and leaves, and in February or March two eggs are deposited which are white with a faint blue greenish tinge sparingly marked with rusty red, somewhat smooth in texture of shell and in size averaging 2.65 by 2.02.
730. Hieraetus fasciatus
730. Bonelli’s Eagle.