571. Sturnus unicolor

571. Sardinian Starling.
Sturnus unicolor, "de la Marm.” Temm. Man, d'Orn. ed. 2, i. p. 133 (1820) ; Naum. xiii. p. 226, Taf. 351, fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. iii. pl. 211 ; Dresser, iv. p. 415, pl. 248 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus xiii, p. 39.
Etourneau unicolore, French ; Estorninho, Portug. ; Tordo, Span. ; Storno nero, Sturneddu, Ital. ; Zerzour, Arab. ; Zarzor, Moorish.
Male ad. (Spain). Black glossed with violet purple ; wings and tail velvety black, the outer webs and tips of the feathers glossed with purple ; feathers on the under parts elongated and lanceolate ; bill yellow, bluish at the base below ; legs brownish flesh ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.05, wing 5.0, tail 2.5, tarsus 1.2 inch. The female is rather duller than the male, and the young bird resembles that of S. vulgaris, but is darker. In winter the adult has the plumage slightly dusted with greyish, and is spotted with small whitish arrow-shaped dots, and the bill is blackish.
Hab. Portugal, Spain, rare in southern France ; Italy and Sicily east to Palestine ; North West Africa. In the countries north of the Mediterranean it is as a rule a summer resident, but in North West Africa it is to be met with throughout the year.
It frequents wooded districts more than the Common Starling which it resembles in its general habits and note, but its flight is swifter. Its nest is generally placed in a hollow tree or a hole in a cliff, and is a loose structure of dry grass, straws, and feathers, and the eggs resemble those of S. vulgaris but are if anything rather darker in colour.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
571. Sturnus unicolor
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Sardinian Starling
Asian Glossy Starling
Aplonis panayensis
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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