967. Lamprocorax panayensis strigatus

(967) Lamprocorax panayensis strigatus (Horsf.).
THE JAVAN GLOSSY STARE.
Lamprocorax panayensis strigatus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 22.
This race of Glossy Stare, which is possibly divisible into a Northern race (L. p. irwini) and a Southern one (L. p. strigatus), is found from Tenasserim, through the Malay States, to Java.
This Stare is a very familiar, confidential bird, breeding freely in buildings of all kinds, as well as in holes of trees, posts etc. round villages. Frequently they build in colonies, as noted by Darling in ‘Nests and Eggs.’ On the 22nd March he “noticed several pairs of Calornis [=Lamprocorax], with nests, in the big wooden bridge over the Kyouk-tyne Creek about 1.1/2 mile out of Tavoy, and also a great number of their nests in the old wooden posts of an old bridge further down the Creek.”
Mackenzie and Hopwood found many colonies breeding round about Mergui. Some were breeding in the roof of the court-house in Mergui ; another colony was breeding in the uprights of an old bridge, as well as in the angles of the buttresses ; a third colony was breeding in a Toddy-palm, placing their nests in the junction of the leaves and the trunk, while Mackenzie found yet another colony of fifteen to twenty pairs on a Toddy-palm covered with ferns and parasites, the nests being placed between the roots of the fems and the trunk of the tree. In Labuan, in North British Borneo, Jones (Commander K. H.) found a nest “in a hollow formed by the rotting of an upright in an old wooden pier, at least fifty yards from the shore.”
Davison, in the Malay Peninsula, “found a few pairs frequenting some areca-palms at Laugat, and breeding in them, but only one nest contained eggs, three in number. The nest was a loose structure, almost globular, but open at the top, composed externally of very coarse dry grass (lallung or elephant-grass), and lined with green durian leaves cut into small bits. The nest was too lightly put together to preserve. This nest and several other empty ones were placed at the base of the leaves where they meet the trunk.”
When breeding in holes in trees the birds always use ready-made holes and hollows and do not excavate these for themselves.
The breeding season is March, April, May and June, the greatest number of eggs being laid in April.
The full clutch of eggs is three or four and, in appearance, they are miniatures of those of the genus Gracula, perhaps with a rather paler ground-colour. This is a pale blue, with a few bold blotches and spots of deep red-brown, generally more numerous at the larger end and in two eggs, of one clutch of three, forming rough rings at the larger end. The secondary marks are of lavender and vary in size from pin-points to large smudges. One very handsome set has about half a dozen very large blotches of dark red-brown about the larger end with a few equally large ones of pinkish- lavender.
In shape the eggs are broad to rather long ovals, blunt at the larger end except in one pair.
Twenty eggs average 25.7 x 18.9 mm. : maxima 28.0 x 20.0 mm. ; minima 23.5 x 18.2 and 25.2 x 18.1 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
967. Lamprocorax panayensis strigatus
Spp Author: 
Horsf.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
967
Year: 
1933
Page No: 
510
Common name: 
Glossy Stare
M_ID: 
26694
M_SN: 
Aplonis panayensis strigata
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
14066

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