Anthus maculatus, Hodgs.
596. :- Pipastes agilis, Sykes. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 228; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 491.
THE INDIAN TREE PIPIT.
Length, 6.5 ; expanse, 11; wing, 3.5 ; tail, 2.75; tarsus, 0.8 ; bill from gape, 0.7.
Bill dusky, fleshy beneath ; irides dark-brown ; legs pale fleshy-brown.
In winter plumage above fine greenish-olive, with strongly marked dusky streaks on the crown, and some slight dark centres to the dorsal feathers; beneath white, with a faint fulvous tinge, with large dark spots on the throat, breast, and flanks; wing-coverts dark-brown ; the median with yellowish-white tips; the greater-coverts broadly edged with olive; the quills brown, edged with olive; tail with the outermost feathers white terminally, and for the greater part of both webs; the penultimate with a white tip; central feathers olive-brown; the intermediate ones brown, with olive edgings.
In summer plumage the upper parts are more brown and less olive, more broadly streaked with dusky centres, and the under parts always pale fulvescent, passing to white on the abdomen and lower tail-coverts.
During the cold season the Indian Tree Pipit is very common in Guzerat and Rajputana; its occurrence in the Deccan has only doubtfully been recorded.