1185. Anthus trivialis haringtoni

(1185) Anthus trivialis haringtoni Witherby.
Anthus trivialis haringtoni, Fauna B. I., Birr Is, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 280.
The Himalayan, or Witherby’s, Pipit breeds from Turkestan to the North-West Frontier of India, Gilgit, Kashmir and Garhwal.
Numerous nests of this bird were obtained by Whitehead and, later, by Harington from the Khagan and Kurram Valleys between 5,000 and 11,000 feet. Osmaston obtained it in Tehri Garhwal at 11,000 feet, Buchanan at Vishnu Sar at about 9,000 feet, while Ludlow also got nests in the Tekkes Valley in the Tianschan.
The nest is nearly always situated in open country, the birds preferring wide stretches of grass-covered hill-side ; they do, however, also breed on slopes for the most part covered with stones and boulders, but with little patches of grass and a few scattered bushes. Occasionally, also, they breed in mixed scrub and grass-land, selecting the more open spaces for their nests. In the Kurram Valley Whitehead took nests from the stony ravine near the rest-house of Gitta Das, the actual nests being buil in tussocks of coarse grass on the banks. The nest itself is like that of the European Tree-Pipit, only often larger and more bulky. It is cup-shaped internally and is made of well interwoven and twisted grass, coarser on the exterior and finer in the lining. Sometimes the lining has other material mixed with the grass, Ludlow took one nest composed of neatly twisted grass and lined with a few hairs.” One nest only out of the many found by Whitehead and Harington was lined with hair, the rest with grass.
The normal breeding season seems to be from the first week of June up to the middle of July, a few birds laying in the last week of May.
Four or five eggs are laid, and these could not be distinguished from those of the European Tree-Pipit, though, as so few have as yet been taken, not nearly so wide a range of variation is shown.
Among those I have seen the following types are represented:—
Pinkish brick-red mottled and blotched with deep red and purple-brown, the blotches looking as if they had run and with more numerous secondary blotches of pale lavender.
Pale pinkish brick-red ground densely freckled with darker brick- red and with a long hair-line at the larger end of three of the five eggs in the clutch.
Pale stone ground freckled with sienna-brown, dense everywhere but more so at the larger end.
Similar, but the freckles a greyer brown and one or two hair-lines at the larger end.
Pale grey-brown densely freckled everywhere with dark, rather. rich brown,
A rather purple-grey ground with very fine freckling of brown and with secondary freckles of lavender-grey dominating the general tone. This clutch has well-defined rings at the larger end.
In shape the eggs are broad ovals, while the texture is fine and fairly close, many eggs having a slight gloss.
Thirty eggs average 21.2 x 16.0 mm. : maxima 22.5 x 16.3 and 22.2 x 17.0 mm. ; minima 19.6 x 15.1 and 19.8 x 14.9 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1185. Anthus trivialis haringtoni
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Wirbys Tree Pipit
Anthus trivialis haringtoni
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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