853. Oreocorys sylvanus

853. Oreocorys sylvanus.

The Upland Pipit.

Heterura sylvana, Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 556 (1845); id. P. Z. S. 1845, p. 33; Blyth, Cat. p. 134; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 239; Ball, S. F. iii, p. 207 ; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 252; Hume, N. & E. p. 387 ; id. Cat. no. 606; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 318. Oreocorys sylvanus (Hodgs.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 622; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 217.

Coloration. The whole upper plumage, wings, and tail blackish brown, each feather margined with rich rufous buff, the terminal two thirds of the outermost tail-feather diagonally white, the penultimate feather with about an inch of white at the tip, the next feather with a narrow white tip, the next tipped very faintly at the extreme tip ; an indistinct pale fulvous supercilium ; sides of the head pale fulvous streaked with blackish ; chin and throat white, bounded on either side by a narrow black moustachial streak ; fore neck, breast, sides of the body, vent, and under tail-coverts buff streaked with black, the streaks on the breast more or less triangular, those on the other parts narrow and long ; abdomen unspotted pale fulvous.

In the summer the rufous margins on the upper plumage and the triangular marks on the breast become much worn away.

Upper mandible blackish brown; lower mandible, legs, and feet fleshy, tip of lower mandible and claws shaded dusky; iris dark brown (Hume).

Length about 7; tail 3; wing 3.2; tarsus .95; bill from gape .8 ; hind claw .35.

Distribution. The Himalayas from Murree to Nepal, where this species appears to be a permanent resident. A specimen in the Hume Collection is stated to have been obtained at Etawah in the plains, but probably there is some error.

Habits, &c. Breeds on the Himalayas from 4000 to 8000 feet about May and June, making a shallow open nest of grass on the ground under a tuft of grass or a stone, and laying four or five eggs, which are whitish marked with red and purple, and measure about .9 by .68.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
853. Oreocorys sylvanus
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Upland Pipit
Upland Pipit
Anthus sylvanus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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