853. Oreocorys sylvanus.
The Upland Pipit.
Heterura sylvana, Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 556 (1845); id. P. Z. S. 1845, p. 33; Blyth, Cat. p. 134; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 239; Ball, S. F. iii, p. 207 ; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 252; Hume, N. & E. p. 387 ; id. Cat. no. 606; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 318. Oreocorys sylvanus (Hodgs.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 622; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 217.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage, wings, and tail blackish brown, each feather margined with rich rufous buff, the terminal two thirds of the outermost tail-feather diagonally white, the penultimate feather with about an inch of white at the tip, the next feather with a narrow white tip, the next tipped very faintly at the extreme tip ; an indistinct pale fulvous supercilium ; sides of the head pale fulvous streaked with blackish ; chin and throat white, bounded on either side by a narrow black moustachial streak ; fore neck, breast, sides of the body, vent, and under tail-coverts buff streaked with black, the streaks on the breast more or less triangular, those on the other parts narrow and long ; abdomen unspotted pale fulvous.
In the summer the rufous margins on the upper plumage and the triangular marks on the breast become much worn away.
Upper mandible blackish brown; lower mandible, legs, and feet fleshy, tip of lower mandible and claws shaded dusky; iris dark brown (Hume).
Length about 7; tail 3; wing 3.2; tarsus .95; bill from gape .8 ; hind claw .35.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Murree to Nepal, where this species appears to be a permanent resident. A specimen in the Hume Collection is stated to have been obtained at Etawah in the plains, but probably there is some error.
Habits, &c. Breeds on the Himalayas from 4000 to 8000 feet about May and June, making a shallow open nest of grass on the ground under a tuft of grass or a stone, and laying four or five eggs, which are whitish marked with red and purple, and measure about .9 by .68.