Corydalla rufula, Vieill
600. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 232 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 490 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 412 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 172; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 127.
THE INDIAN TITLARK.
Length, 6.5 to 7; wing, 3 to 3.75 ; tail, 2.25 to 2.5 ; tarsus, 1; bill at front, 0.4.
Bill dusky, yellowish at base beneath ; irides brown ; legs yellowish-brown.
Plumage above pale olive-brown, the feathers centred with dusky-brown; beneath earthy or fulvous white, the fulvous most developed on the breast; chin white; breast and sides of throat marked with dusky-brown striae ; supercilium fulvous-white ; outermost tail-feathers almost all white; the penultimate white on the whole outer web, and also a considerable portion obliquely of the inner web.
The Indian Titlark is a common and permanent resident throughout the Presidency, breeding during May and June. The nest, which is a mere pad, is composed of fine roots and fibres, and is usually placed on the ground, under small tufts of grass, which only partially conceal it.
The eggs, three or four in number, are oval in shape, brownish-white in color, profusely speckled with reddish and umber-brown. These spots are more dense at the large end.
They measure 0.8 inches in length by about 0.6 in breadth.