847. Anthus rufulus.
The Indian Pipit.
Anthus rufulus, Vieill. Nouv. Diet, d'Hist. Nat. xxvi, p. 494 (1818); Blyth, Cat. p. 135; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 356 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 574 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 213. Anthus cinnamomeus, Rupp. Neue Wirb., Vogel, p. 103 (1835). Anthus malayensis, Eyton, P. Z. S. 1839, p. 104; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 357. Corydalla rufula (Vieill), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 232; Hume, N. & E. p. 384 ; id. Cat. no. 600 ; Scully, S. P. viii, p. 317 ; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 625 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 168; Barnes, Birds Ban. p. 214. Corydalla malavensis (Eyton), Hume & Dav. S. E. vi, p. 366; Hume, Cat. no. 600 bis. Corydalla ubiquitaria (Ilodys.), apud Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 607.
The Indian Titlark, Jerd.; Rugel, Chachari, Hind.; Gurapa-madi jitta, Tel.; Meta kalie, Tam.
Coloration. An exact miniature of A. richardi, from which this species differs in nothing but size. It has, however, a proportionally larger bill.
Bill dark brown, yellowish at the base of lower mandible ; iris brown ; legs flesh-colour ; claws brownish.
Length about 6.5 ; tail 2.4; wing 3 ; tarsus 1 ; bill from gape .75 ; hind claw .5.
Distribution. A permanent resident in every portion of the Empire and Ceylon, ascending the Himalayas to about 6000 feet. This species has not yet been found in the Andamans or Nicobars, but probably occurs there. It extends through the Malay peninsula and islands to Lombock and Timor and it is largely distributed in Africa.
Habits, &c. Breeds all over the Empire (up to 6000 feet in the Himalayas) from March to July and perhaps later. The nest is a small structure of grass placed on the ground under shelter of a tuft of grass or clod of earth. The eggs, three in number, are brownish or greenish stone-colour, thickly marked with brown and purplish red, and measure about .8 by .6.