(1196) Anthus richardi malayensis.
The Malay Pipit.
Anthus malayensis Eyton, P. Z. S., 1839, p. 104 (Malacca). Anthus rufulus. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 108 (part).
Vernacular names. Nok-a-chap fon hang yao (Siam).
Description. Similar to A. r. rufulus but darker both above and below. On the upper plumage the dark centres of the feathers are blacker, contrast more with the edges and give a more boldly-streaked appearance ; below the plumage is a deeper fulvous and the breast is rather more boldly streaked with black.
Colours of soft parts as in the other races.
Measurements. Wing 78 to 84 mm.
Distribution. Peninsular Siam and Tenasserim South to Lombok and Timor. Birds of Southern Burma, North of Tenasserim to Pegu are darker than Indian specimens but are, perhaps, nearer these than to the Malaccan race. In Siam birds from Bangkok and Southwards are nearest malayensis.
Nidification. Similar to that of the preceding bird. Herbert (Journal Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam) says that the favourite site for the nest is in paddy-fields before the rains start and that the nests vary from a few scraps of grass in a natural hollow to a compact well-made nest with raised sides and practically domed. The breeding-season is from April to the end of July. The eggs, three in number, occasionally four, are not distinguishable from those of the Indian Pipit. One hundred eggs average 21.1 X 15.3 mm.: maxima 21.9 x 16.0 and 19.6 X 16.1 mm.; minima 18.4 X 15.0 and 20.0 x 14.5 mm.-:
Habits. Similar to those of the Indian Pipit.