845. Anthus richardi.
Anthus richardi, Vieill. Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat. xxvi, p. 401 (1818); Blyth, Cat. p. 135; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 355; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 564. Corydalla richardi (Vieill.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 231; Brooks, S. F. i, p. 358 ; Anders. Yunnan F.vped,, Aves, p. 606; Hume, Cat. no. 599; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 621; Oates, B. B. i, p. 166.
The Large Marsh-Pipit, Jerd.; Pulla puraki, Meta kalie, Tam.
Coloration. Upper plumage fulvous-brown, the feathers centred with blackish, the rump more uniform; wings dark brown mar gined with fulvous; tail dark brown, with pale margins, the outermost feather almost entirely white, the penultimate with an oblique portion of the inner web, about an inch and a half in length, also white; supercilium and lower plumage pale fulvous, the sides of the throat and fore neck and the whole breast streaked with dark brown; sides of the body darker fulvous, with a few indistinct streaks.
Bill brown, yellowish at the base of lower mandible; mouth yellow; iris brown ; legs flesh-colour; the claws darker.
Length about 7.5; tail 3.4; wing 3.7; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape .85; hind claw about .8.
Distribution. A winter visitor to the whole of the Eastern part of the Empire from Assam to Tenasserim, extending along the Himalayas as far west as the Sutlej valley, and southwards through Bengal and Chutia Nagpur along the eastern side of India to Ceylon. In winter this species is found in China on the one side and in Europe on the other. It summers in Central and Northern Asia.