842. Anthus nilgiriensis

842. Anthus nilgiriensis.

The nilgiri Pipit.

Anthus rufescens, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xi, p. 34 (1840). Anthus montanus, Jerd., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 435 (1847); id. Cat. p. 136; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 461; id. Cat. no. 598; Davison, S. F. x, p. 397. Pipastes montanus (Jerd.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 230; Hume, N. & E. p. 383; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 407. Anthus nilghiriensis, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 550 (1885); Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 211.

The Hill Tree-Pipit, Jerd.

Coloration. Upper plumage fulvous, tinged with olivaceous, each feather broadly streaked or centred with black, except on the rump, where the marks are brown and less distinct; wings blackish margined with fulvous; tail black, edged with olivaceous, the two outer pairs of feathers dull white on the terminal half or third of their length, the next pair with a dull white tip; a light rufous supercilium ; lores brown ; sides of head mixed rufous and brown ; lower plumage tawny fulvous, the sides of the neck, the whole breast, and the sides of the body with short, narrow, but very distinct and well-defined black streaks.

Upper mandible dull black, apical half of lower mandible dark fleshy; iris deep brown ; legs and feet fleshy; claws pale brown (Davison).

Length nearly 7; tail 2.6 ; wing 3.1; tarsus 1; bill from gape .7 ; hind claw about .35.

Distribution. The higher parts of the Nilgiri and Palni hills in Southern India, where this Pipit is a permanent resident.

Habits, &c. Breeds on the Nilgiris above 6000 feet in May, making a nest of grass under shelter of a tuft or bush. The eggs are greenish brown mottled with a darker shade, and measure about .85 by .6.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
842. Anthus nilgiriensis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
842
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
318
Common name: 
Nilgiri Pipit
M_ID: 
30468
M_CN: 
Nilgiri Pipit
M_SN: 
Anthus nilghiriensis
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
1152

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