322. Anthus gustavi

322. PETCHORA PIPIT.
ANTHUS GUSTAVI.
Anthus gustavi, Swinhoe, P.Z.S. 1863, p. 90 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. x. p. 613 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 398 ; A. seebohmi, Dresser, iii, p. 295, pl. 134.
Male ad. (Petchora). Upper parts warm buffy brown richly streaked with black and white ; under parts as in A. trivialis ; the pale portion of the rectrices smoke-buff, not white ; wings as in A. trivialis but the ground colour much blacker ; bill horn-brown lighter at the base of the lower mandible ; legs pale brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.6, wing 3.3, tail 2.25, tarsus 0.95, hind toe with claw 0.85, hind claw 0.44 inch. Sexes- alike. In winter plumage the upper parts are more olivaceous, the white stripes are more distinct and the under parts are washed with buff. The young bird has the plumage softer, the breast is more thickly spotted, the black spots extending up the greater part of the throat leaving the chin white.
Hab. The Petchora river in north-east Russia, eastward across Siberia to Kamchatka and the Commander Islands, passing through China, and wintering in the Philippines, Moluccas, Borneo, Timor, and Celebes.
In habits it resembles the Meadow-Pipit, but frequents marshy localities, and often perches on the branches of trees. Its song consists of a Lark-like trilla, and a low guttural warble, and is uttered when the bird is high in the air like a Lark. It feeds almost entirely on insects. It breeds in June and July, the nest, which is placed on the ground and well concealed, being constructed of flat-leaved grass, water-plants, and small leaves. Usually the nest is placed in swampy localities among the dwarf willows. The eggs, 4 to 5 in number, are dull greyish, very closely spotted with brown and dark grey, the ground colour being almost obscured, and measure from 0.80 by 0.58 to 0.98 by 0.65.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
322. Anthus gustavi
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
322
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
217
Common name: 
Petchora Pipit
M_ID: 
30452
M_CN: 
Pechora Pipit
M_SN: 
Anthus gustavi
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10635

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