317. Anthus cervinus

317. RED-THROATED PIPIT.
ANTHUS CERVINUS.
Anthus cervinus (Pall.) Zoogr. Boss. As. i. p. 511 (1811) ; Naum. iii. Taf. 85, fig. 1 ; Dresser, iii. p. 299, pl. 135, 136 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. x. p. 585 ; Oates, F. Brit, Ind. Birds, ii. p. 310 ; Saunders, p. 135 ; Lilford, iii, p. 120, pl. 61 ; A. rufogularis, Brehm. Vog. Deutschl. p. 340 (1831) ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 140.
Rothkehlige Pieper, German ; Pispola gola rossa, Ital. ; Brunstrubet-Piplaerke, Norweg. ; Rodstrupig Piplarka, Swed. ; Pellra-kirvinen, lTunturi-Kirvinen, Finn.
Male ad. (N. Sweden). Upper parts wings and tail as in A. pratensis but the upper parts are somewhat browner and the markings clearer ; lores, supercilium, throat, breast, and to some extent the sides of the neck pinkish fawn ; rest of the under parts yellowish buff, the breast here and there spotted with blackish brown ; bill dark brown ; legs fleshy brown ; iris brown. Culmen 0.6, wing 3.2, tail 2.4, tarsus 0.9 inch. The female has the rufous generally restricted to the throat. The winter, and immature plumage closely resembles that of A. pratensis except that the under parts are more boldly spotted, and in old specimens there are remains of the rufous coloration in the winter dress.
Hab. Arctic Europe and Asia, as far east as Kamchatka, rare on migration in western Europe ; of doubtful occarrence in Britain ; wintering in northern Africa, eastern India, Burma and China, and at least as far south as Borneo. Of occasional occurrence in Alaska, and accidental in lower Cali¬fornia.
Frequents moors and marshes, usually where there are bushes scattered about, and is frequently to be seen on the seashore. Its call-note is lower and softer than that of the Meadow-Pipit, and its song fuller and louder. It breeds usually in June, the nest being placed on the ground well concealed in the grass or under shelter of a bush, and constructed of dry grass-bents without lining or occasionally with a horsehair or two in the cup. The eggs vary considerably, some having the ground colour greenish grey, others brown, some are rich reddish brown, the colour of old mahogany, others dull brown, and others again greenish grey, closely spotted with brown, and I have seen some with large brown scratches like those on the eggs of the Lap¬land Bunting. In size they average about 0.75 by 0.58.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
317. Anthus cervinus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
317
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
213
Common name: 
Red Throated Pipit
M_ID: 
30456
M_CN: 
Red-throated Pipit
M_SN: 
Anthus cervinus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10704

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