312. Querquedula circia.
THE GARGANEY or BLUE-WINGED TEAL.
Circia, the ancient name, though not used by any classical author; probably from the root of Kipkos=the Hawk.
Chaitwa, N. W. P.; Ghangroib, Bengal; Sitch-dum, Cabul; Karak-aurdak, Yarkand.
Male 16"; 10 oz. to 1 lb. Female 15"; 9 to 15 oz. Legs dusky. Bill blackish. Crown and nape brownish black. White streak over eye. Neck and throat rufous, streaked white. Chin black. Scapulars lanceolate, with broad white shaft stripes. Speculum greyish green, with white bar above and below.— Female dusky, edged whitish. Wing-coverts ash-grey. Palaearctic region, wintering in N. Africa, Palestine, India, Ceylon, Burma, China, Japan, Philippines, Borneo, Java, and Celebes. Four to thirteen eggs (1.87 x 1.37), creamy white. (J. 965. B. 1601.)
Also Q. discors. 16". Legs yellow. Bill black. Upper wing-coverts bright smalt-blue. A large crescentic white band extending from the forehead to sides of throat. Back dusky, with U-shaped bars of buff. N. and C. America.
Q. cyanoptera. 18". Legs yellow. Bill black. Similar to Q. discors, but no crescentic band between the eyes and bill. Head, neck, and breast bright chestnut. W. America.
Q. versicolor. 16J". Legs green. Bill black, with orange patch on each side at base of upper mandible. Upper wing-coverts lead colour. Rump and upper tail-coverts with narrow white bars. Mantle black, edged yellow. Breast buff. Abdomen white, with black spots and' bars. S. America.
Q. puna. 19 1/2". Legs lead colour. Bill light blue, ridge black. Like Q. versicolor, but rump uniform brown, with no white bars. Peru, Bolivia, and N. Chili.