310. Mareca penelope.
THE WIGEON or WHEW.
Penelope; = a kind of Duck -with purple stripes, in classical Greek, which was said to have fed Penelope (subsequently the wife of Ulysses) after her parents had thrown her into the sea.
Pea-san, Patari, N. W. P.; Cheyun, Nepal; Parow, Sind; Ade, Ratnagiri.
Male 19" to 19 1/2"; 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 lbs. Female 18" to 19"; 1 7/8 to 1 3/4 lbs. Legs leaden. Bill bine, black tip. Crown yellow. Neck chestnut. Back, scapulars, rump, sides of breast, and flanks vermiculated black and white. Speculum green, bounded above and below with black. Upper tail-coverts grey, outer feathers black.— Female fulvous. Head chestnut, speckled black. Green speculum wanting. Iceland to Kamschatka, wintering in Africa, Persia, N. India (not recorded in Ceylon), Burma, China, Japan, and E. N. America. Seven to twelve eggs (2.0 x 145), buff. (J. 963. B. 1599.)
Also M. americana. 18" to 21". The American Wigeon. Legs light blue. Bill blue, tip black. Forehead and crown whitish. Sides of head and upper neck whitish, with black spots. Speculum black and green. Axillaries white. N. America and occasionally the W. Indies.
M. sibilatrix. 20". Legs and bill black. Head and neck black. Forehead and cheeks white. Lower neck barred black and white. Upper tail-coverts, breast, and abdomen white. Speculum black. South of S. America.