308. Nettium crecca.
THE COMMON TEAL.
Crecca probably from its note. Cf. Crex, q.v. and the German Kriech-Ente; old English Cracker=Pintail.
Moorghabi, India; Kerra, N. W. P.; Naroib, Bengal; Baiji-Iagairi, Nepal; Kardo, Sind; Killowai, Madras; Sorlai haki, Mysore; Churaka, Cabul; Alahbash, Kurakaurdak, Yarkand.
Male 14 1/2" to 16"; 10 to 15 oz. Female 13 1/2" to 15"; 7 1/2 to 12 oz. Legs greyish. Bill black. Head and upper neck chestnut. Green eye-patch. Speculum green, with black sides, with yellow bar above. Lower neck, upper back, and sides of body narrowly barred black and white. " Outer secondaries black, inner green. Tail of sixteen feathers. Assumes the female plumage about end of July.—
Female; Throat, cheeks, and eye-band yellow, spotted black. Above dark brown, edged paler. Europe, N. Africa, Asia, visiting India, Ceylon, Burma, China, and Japan in winter. Not observed in S. Tenasserim, the Andamans, the Nicobars, or in Malabar. Eight to twelve eggs (1.7 x 1.3), buff. (J. 964. B. 1597. H. & M. iii. 205.)
Also N. carolinense. The American Teal. Similar to N. crecca, but the whitish line surrounding the green eye-patch is almost obsolete, the scapulars are pale slate-grey with no white, and there is a broad whitish crescent on each side of the breast. N. America and W. Indies, occasionally in Europe.
N. castaneum. 18 1/2". Legs leaden. Bill bluish, nail and edges black, red band near tip of lower mandible. Head and neck dark glossy green. Mantle and back black, edged chestnut. Breast and abdomen chestnut, spotted black. Speculum black, green, and white. Australia, New Zealand, and a straggler in Celebes and Java.