302. Spatula clypeata.
Clypeata=armed with a shield, clypeus or clipeus ; from its white shield-like gorget. Tidari, Punana, N. W. P; Alipat, Sind; Kanak-aurdak, Tarkand.
Male 19" to 22". Female 18" to 19". Legs orange. Bill brownish. Head, back, rump, upper and lower tail brown, glossed green. Scapulars black, with broad white stripe along the middle. Lesser coverts grey. Speculum bright green. Upper breast white, lower breast and abdomen chestnut. Male assumes plumage of female in summer.— Female: Dark brown, edged whitish. Northern Hemisphere between lat. 10° and lat. 68° N. A winter visitor to India, Ceylon, and Burma. Seven to nine eggs (2.0 x 1.5), greenish buff. On 4.11.75, the Mohanas in Sind had their fowling nets all ready, but said that the Ducks would not arrive in any number till the next full moon (November 13th). (J. 957. B. 1602.)
Also S. rhynchotis. 22". Legs yellow. Bill purplish. Head and neck bluish grey. Crown, base of bill, and chin black. White band between base of bill and eye, extending to the throat. Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand.
S. platalea. 20". Legs yellow. Bill blackish. General plumage reddish, spotted black. S. America.
S. capensis. 20" to 21". Legs yellow. Bill red-brown. Mantle and above brown, with narrow wave lines. Below grey-brown, thickly mottled. Speculum dark green. Scapulars dark blue, with no white on central parts. S. Africa.
Also the genus Malacorhynchus. With spatulate bill and a soft membrane on the sides near the tip. One species.
M. membranaceus. 17". Legs brownish green. Bill greyish blue. Crown brown. Sides of head and chin white. Brown eye-patch, with an oblong mark of rose-pink behind it. Australia and Tasmania.