Dafila acuta

Dafila acuta, Lin.

962. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 803 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 27 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 438 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 297 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. III, p. 189 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 137.


Length, 22 to 29; expanse, 32 to 37.75 ; wing, 103 to 11.75 ; tail, 4.8 to 9.4; tarsus, 1.5 to 1.8 ; bill from gape, 2.0 to 2.45; weight, 1 10/16 to 2 10/16.

Length, 20 to 22.5; expanse, 32 to 34.5; wing, 9.3 to 10.2 ; tail, 4.2 to 5.5 ; tarsus, 1.45 to 1.7; bill from gape, 2.1 to 2.35; weight, 1 2 /16 to 1 14/16 lbs.

Bill black, sides of upper mandible bluish ; irides dark-brown ; legs greyish plumbeous.

Male, forehead and crown umber-brown, the feathers with paler edges ; the rest of the head, chin, and throat, dark hair-brown, slightly glossed behind the ears with purplish-green forepart of the neck and two lateral streaks, passing upwards the occiput, white ; neck above deep blackish-brown ; the whole of the back beautifully marked with transverse undulating lines of black and greyish-white ; scapulars black ; upper tail-coverts and tail dark cinereous-brown, the edges of the feathers paler, and the two central elongated tail feathers black ; wing-coverts and primaries hair-brown ; lesser wing-coverts smoke-grey; the speculum blackish-green, glossed with purple, bordered above by a pale ferruginous bar, and below by a white one ; tertiaries long and acuminate, velvet-black, with a broadish edging of greyish or yellowish-white; breast and abdomen white, the sides of both with transverse black and whitish lines, and the latter minutely speckled with grey towards the vent; under tail-coverts black.

The female has the head and neck reddish-brown, speckled and streaked with dusky; the upper plumage umber-brown, the feathers edged with reddish-white; wing-coverts brown, edged white ; lower parts pale fulvous, obscurely spotted with brown ; speculum dull without the green gloss; tail, with the two medial feathers, scarcely longer than the others.

The Pintail is common in Sind during the cold season ; fairly common in Guzerat, and Central India ; but is somewhat less common in the Deccan. The Pintail is a very excellent bird for the table and is much sought after in consequence.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Dafila acuta
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Pintail Duck
Northern Pintail
Anas acuta
Term name: 

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