566. Ammomanes cinctura

566. GOULD’S DESERT-LARK.
AMMOMANES CINCTURA.
Ammomanes cinctura (Gould), Voy. Beagle, Birds, p. 87 (1841) ; Dresser, iv. p. 335. pl. 234 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 644, A. arenicolor (Sund,). Ofv. V. Ak. Forh. 1850, p, 128 ; A. elegant (C. L. Brehm), Vogelf. p. 122 (1855), A. regulus (Bp.), Compt. Bend, xliv. p. 1066 (1857).
Male ad. (Malta). Differs from the rufous isabelline form of A. deserti in being smaller, and having the tail terminated by a blackish brown band, upper parts warm rufous isabelline, rather more rufescent than in A. deserti ; primaries dusky brown at the ends ; bill greyish horn ; legs pale greyish ; iris brown. Culmen 0.48, wing 3.5, tail 2.2, tarsus 0.82, hind toe with claw 0.42 inch.
Hab. Cape Verde Islands ; the whole of the desert region of N. Africa ; Arabia, Persia ; has once occurred at Malta.
In habits it is said to resemble A. deserti, and is an inhabitant of the stony portions of the desert regions, where it feeds on small seeds and to some extent on insects. Its song is weak but shrill, and is generally uttered when the bird is floating in the air. It breeds in the Cape Verde Islands from December to March, and in N. Africa late in April. The nest which is placed on the ground under shelter of a stone or bush and surrounded with small stones is constructed of grass-bents and plant-stems, lined with a little wool and small pieces of rag when obtainable. The eggs, 2 to 3 in number, are white, or apricot pink when fresh and unblown, finely spotted, chiefly at the larger end, with ashy grey and dull violet.
In tinge of plumage the Lark varies not a little, some being greyer and others more rufous in tinge, and examples from Nubia are very pale. In India it is represented by A. phoenicura (Frankl.), which is much larger and as dark or darker than extreme varieties of A. deserti, but has the terminal portion of the tail blackish, as in A. cinctura. Mr. Hartert has described the Cape Verde bird under the name A. cinctura arenicolor, and that from Eastern Persia as A. cinctura zarudnyi, as subspecies.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
566. Ammomanes cinctura
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
566
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
398
Common name: 
Gould’s Desert Lark
M_ID: 
21613
M_CN: 
Bar-tailed Lark
M_SN: 
Ammomanes cinctura
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10275

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