2021. Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus

(2021) Amaurornis Phoenicurus Phoenicurus (Pennant).
THE CEYLON WHITE-BREASTED WATER-HEN.
Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. vi, p. 23.
The typical form of this Water-Hen is found only in Ceylon and the Southern half of Travancore.
Wait writes of this bird in Ceylon ('Birds of Ceylon,’ p. 331, 1925) : “Abundant in the neighbourhood of water up to about 2,000 or 3,000 feet. Resident here and there up to much higher elevations,”
Except when feeding, and always for breeding purposes, this Rail keeps closely to cover, more especially to heavy bush in the vicinity of water. In nidification and habits generally it does not differ materially from the common form found all over India to China, and these are fully dealt with under that bird.
It is noticeable that a very large proportion of nests are placed above the ground in bushes in scrub-jungle but, otherwise, the sites chosen and the nests themselves call for no remark.
It breeds principally, perhaps, in June and July but Phillips, Wait and Tunnard between them have taken eggs in every month of the year except September.
Like so many Ceylon birds, this race seems to lay very small clutches of eggs. Wait says four to seven but I have had three eggs sent me said to have been incubated, and four or five seems to be a normal clutch. They are quite indistinguishable from the eggs of the other races.
Forty-five eggs average 39.5 x 30.0 mm. : maxima 42.1 x 30.3 and 40.5 x 31.5 mm. ; minima 37.0 x 28.0 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
2021. Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus
Spp Author: 
Pennant.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
2021
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
302
Common name: 
White Breasted Water Hen
M_ID: 
3625
M_SN: 
Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
15211

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