Porzana akool, Sykes.
908. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 722 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 21 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 431; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 135.
THE BROWN AND ASHY CRAKE. THE BROWN RAIL.
Length, 10.87 to 12.0, 10.0 to 11.3 ; expanse, 15.75 to 17.0, 15.0 to 15.82; wing, 4.9 to 5.3, 4.4 to 4.9 ; tail, 2.4 to 2.8, 2.3 to 2.62; tarsus, 1.9 to 21, 1.7 to 1.8; bill from gape, 1.3 to 1.68, 1.2 to 1.4 ; weight, 4 to 6 ozs., 3.7 to 4.9 oz.
Bill green, dusky on culmen ; lower mandible tipped lavender blue; irides vary from reddish-brown to crimson; legs and feet dull lake-red in adults in breeding season, darker in cold season ; young birds reddish-brown.
Above olive-brown, ashy-brown on rump ; wings and tail dusky ; wing-coverts deep brown; chin white ; throat, breast, and belly ash-brown; flanks olive-brown ; lower tail-coverts deep brown.
The Brown and Ashy Crake is a common permanent resident in Guzerat and parts of Rajputana; it does not occur in Sind, and is decidedly rare in the Deccan. They breed twice during the rains, once in July and again in September. The nest is similar to, but smaller than, that of the Water Hen. The eggs vary from four to eight in number; they are oval in shape, slightly compressed at one end ; the texture of the shell is fine, but they have scarcely any gloss; the ground color is white, with a scarcely noticeable tinge of salmon-pink, which is very evanescent ; the markings consist of streaks and spots of purplish or brownish-red, with occasional underlying blotches of pale purple. They measure 149 inches in length by 1.09 in breadth.