Estrelda amandava

Estrelda amandava, Lin.

704. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 359 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. Ill, p. 496 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 416 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 182 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 129.


Length, 4 to 4.25 ; expanse, 5.75; wing, 1.8 ; tail, 1.5 ; tarsus, 0.5 ; bill at front, 0.28.

Bill deep red, culmen blackish ; irides crimson ; legs fleshy.

The male, in full summer plumage, is more or less crimson, darkest on the throat, breast, supercilia, cheeks, and upper tail-coverts ; tail black, the outer feathers more or less white tipped; wings brown; a range of minute white feathers beneath the eye, and the wings, flanks and sides of breast with numerous round white spots, and a few smaller specks on the back; abdominal region infuscated ; lower tail-coverts black.

The female is olive-brown above, with the lores blackish, bounded by a whitish semi-circle below the eye; a few white specks occasionally on the back; rump and upper tail-coverts tinged with crimson; beneath paler brown,, the abdomen strongly tinged with fulvous-yellow ; the lower tail-coverts dull white.

After breeding the males assume, by moulting, a plumage similar to that of the female.

The young bird is brown above, paler beneath, whitish on the throat and belly; tail blackish, and a few small white specks on the wings.

The Red Waxbill occurs throughout the Presidency, but is locally distributed ; it is somewhat rare in the Deccan. It is a permanent resident and breeds during September and October, building a rather large globular nest of grass. The eggs, five or six in number, are dead, glossless, white ovals, measuring 0.55 in length by about 0.43 in breadth.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Estrelda amandava
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Waxbill Lal Hin
Red Avadavat
Amandava amandava
Term name: 

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