739. Sporaeginthus flavidiventris.
The Burmese Red Munia.
Estrelda flavidiventris, Wallace, P. Z. S. 1863, pp. 486, 495; Ward-law Ramsay, Ibis, 1877, p. 461; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 600 ; Hume, Cat. no. 704 bis. Estrelda amandava (Linn.), Oates, S. F. iii, p. 342. Estrilda burmanica, Hume, S. F. iv, p. 484; Oates, S. F. v, p. 163. Estrilda punicea (Horsf.), Oates, B. B. i, p. 371. Sporaeginthus flavidiventris (Wall,), Sharpe, Cat, B. M. xiii, p. 323; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 149.
Coloration. Very similar to S. amandava, the male differing from the male of that species in having the abdomen yellowish red. The females of the two species are apparently undistinguishable. The young are also alike, and the males undergo the same changes in adopting the adult plumage.
Bill deep red, the posterior half of culmen black ; iris crimson ; eyelids purpurescent; inside of mouth salmon-colour; legs flesh-colour ; claws horny.
Length 4 ; tail 1.5; wing 1.8; tarsus .55 ; bill from gape .35.
Upon re-examining Horsfield's type of Fringilla punicea from Java, it now appears to me to be a specimen of S. amandava rather than of S. flavidiventris. Such is also Sharpe's opinion. A considerable number of specimens from Singapore are undoubtedly S. amandava. The distribution of the two species is thus very difficult to understand.
Distribution. Burma, from the neighbourhood of Bhamo down to the southern coast of Pegu and to Karennee and Central Tenasserim. This species occurs in the islands of Flores and Timor.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Pegu in October and November, constructing its nest in clumps of low grass. The eggs, four to six in number, measure about .56 by .44.