Genus CRINIGER

The genus Criniger may be known from all the other Bulbuls by the presence of a long pointed crest and numerous very long hairs springing from the nape or hind neck. The tail of all the Indian species is moreover, rufous, a character shared but by few other Bulbuls.

In Criniger the bill is strong, and about half the Length of the head; the rictal bristles are well-developed, and the culmen is evenly curved throughout. The wing is blunt; the tail distinctly rounded, and the tarsus strong but short. The plumage is very soft.

The birds of this genus are sociable, being generally found together in companies of six to a dozen. They are eminently forest-birds', frequenting trees, and not approaching gardens or clearings. They are remarkably noisy, their notes being very harsh and frequently uttered. Their food consists of fruit and berries, varied with insects.

Key to the Species.

a. Lower plumage yellow.
a1. Chin and upper throat white; crest greenish yellow……………….C. flaveolus, p. 255.
b1. Chin, throat, and upper breast white; crest greyish……………….C. burmanicus, p. 256.
b. Lower plumage ochraceous.
c1. Chin and throat white; crest rufescent olive-brown……………….C. gutturalis, p. 256.
d1. Chin, throat, and upper breast white; crest grey……………….C. griseiceps, p. 257.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
Genus CRINIGER
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
254
M_ID: 
22196
M_SN: 
Alophoixus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
367

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