263. Criniger flaveolus.
The White-throated Bulbul.
Trichophorus flaveolus, Gould, P. Z. S. 1836, p. 6. Criniger flaveolus (Gotdd), Blyth, Cat. p. 208; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 252 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 83; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 106; XLV, pt. ii, p. 79 ; Hume, Cat. no. 451 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 295; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 77; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 178; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 162.
Coloration. Head and crest olive-brown, each feather edged with olive-green; back, rump, and lesser wing-coverts olive-green tinged with rufous; tail rufous-brown; lores and cheeks grey ; ear-coverts darker grey ; chin and upper throat white; the remaining lower plumage and under wing-coverts bright yellow ; wings dark brown, the outer webs rufescent brown.
Bill greyish-blue-horny; gape whitish fleshy; iris red-brown ; feet livid fleshy (Scully).
Length about 9; tail 3.5 ; wing 3.8; tarsus .8; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Nepal to the head of the Assam valley ; the Naga, Garo, and Khasi hills ; Sylhet; Cachar ; Manipur ; Tipperah. This species is found at low elevations, and seldom above 5000 feet.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Sikhim in July and August, constructing a shallow nest of dead leaves bound together by fine roots in small trees not more than 10 feet from the ground. The eggs, generally two in number, are pink marked with hair-lines, blotches, and spots of brownish maroon or brickdust-red. They measure about 1 by .7.