265. Criniger gutturalis.
The Malayan White-throated Bulbul.
Trichophorus gutturalis, S. Midi., Bonap. Consp. Av. i, p. 262 (1850). Criniger ochraceus, Moore in Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 252 (1854) ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 134; Hume Se Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 301, 515. Criniger gutturalis (S. Mull.), Hume, Cat. no. 451 ter; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 182; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 80; Oates, B. B. i. p. 185.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage olive-brown with an ochraceous tinge, rufescent on the head, crest, and upper tail-coverts ; tail rufous-brown, tipped with a lighter shade of the same; wings brown, the outer webs rufescent; lores and a ring round the eye greyish; ear-coverts brown with pale shafts; chin and throat white; lower plumage fulvous-brown or ochraceous yellowish on the middle of the abdomen, and becoming buff on the under tail-coverts.
Legs and feet light pinkish brown; upper mandible dark horny brown; lower mandible plumbeous; iris wood-brown (Hume & Davison).
Length about 9 ; tail 4 ; wing 4 ; tarsus .7 ; hill from gape 1.
Specimens from the southern part of the Malay peninsula have the tail shorter, but do not otherwise differ from Tenasserim birds. In Borneo and Sumatra the birds have a much larger bill, but correspond with Tenasserim birds in other respects. In Sumatra, in addition to the present, there occurs another species or race, recognizable by its deep greyish-brown head. It has been named G. sumatranus by Wardlaw Ramsay. The Chinese bird was named G. pallidus by Swinhoe; but I cannot discover that it differs in any respect from C, gutturalis.
Distribution. This species appears to be abundant in Tenasserim from its southern extremity up to the neighbourhood of Tavoy, and Bingham records the occurrence of a specimen at Moulmein. It extends down the Malay peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo.