265. Criniger gutturalis

265. Criniger gutturalis.

The Malayan White-throated Bulbul.

Trichophorus gutturalis, S. Midi., Bonap. Consp. Av. i, p. 262 (1850). Criniger ochraceus, Moore in Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 252 (1854) ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 134; Hume Se Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 301, 515. Criniger gutturalis (S. Mull.), Hume, Cat. no. 451 ter; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 182; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 80; Oates, B. B. i. p. 185.

Coloration. The whole upper plumage olive-brown with an ochraceous tinge, rufescent on the head, crest, and upper tail-coverts ; tail rufous-brown, tipped with a lighter shade of the same; wings brown, the outer webs rufescent; lores and a ring round the eye greyish; ear-coverts brown with pale shafts; chin and throat white; lower plumage fulvous-brown or ochraceous yellowish on the middle of the abdomen, and becoming buff on the under tail-coverts.

Legs and feet light pinkish brown; upper mandible dark horny brown; lower mandible plumbeous; iris wood-brown (Hume & Davison).

Length about 9 ; tail 4 ; wing 4 ; tarsus .7 ; hill from gape 1.

Specimens from the southern part of the Malay peninsula have the tail shorter, but do not otherwise differ from Tenasserim birds. In Borneo and Sumatra the birds have a much larger bill, but correspond with Tenasserim birds in other respects. In Sumatra, in addition to the present, there occurs another species or race, recognizable by its deep greyish-brown head. It has been named G. sumatranus by Wardlaw Ramsay. The Chinese bird was named G. pallidus by Swinhoe; but I cannot discover that it differs in any respect from C, gutturalis.

Distribution. This species appears to be abundant in Tenasserim from its southern extremity up to the neighbourhood of Tavoy, and Bingham records the occurrence of a specimen at Moulmein. It extends down the Malay peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
265. Criniger gutturalis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
265
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
256
Common name: 
Malayan White Throated Bulbul
M_ID: 
22221
M_SN: 
Alophoixus bres gutturalis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
370

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