179. Schoeniparus mandellii.
Minla mandellii, Godwin-Austen, A. M. N. H. (4) xvii, p. 33 (1876) ; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 490; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlv, pt. ii, pp. 82, 200, xlvii, p. 25; id. Ibis, 1878, p. 116; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 610. Proparus mandellii (Godw.-Aust.), Hume, Cat. no. 622 ter; id. S. F. xi, p. 250.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, and nape reddish brown, each feather distinctly margined with dark brown, and the forehead tinged with chestnut; lores and a band on each side of the crown, the two bands more or less blending on the upper back, black; the upper back, the hind neck, and the sides of the neck streaked with fulvous and dark brown or black, the inner webs of the feathers being fulvous, and the outer brown or black ; a white supercilium commencing at the eye and reaching to the nape; ear-coverts dark hair-brown; upper plumage olive-brown, tinged with rufous on the exposed parts of the wings and tail; lower plumage pale fulvous, suffused with olivaceous on the sides of the breast and abdomen and on the under tail-coverts.
Legs and feet pale yellowish fleshy-brown; bill black; iris reddish maroon (Hume) ; iris red (Cockburn); iris dark red-brown (Godw.-Aust.).
Length about 5.5; tail 2.3; wing 2.3; tarsus .85; bill from gape .6.
This species differs from S. dubius in having the hind neck and the sides of the neck streaked, the crown darker rufous, with more prominent dark edges to the feathers, the ear-coverts much darker brown, and the chin and throat fulvous. A specimen from the pine-forests of the Salween is somewhat intermediate.
Distribution. The Daphla, Naga, and Khasi hills ; Manipur.
Habits, &c- Hume observes that this bird keeps in small parties of three to six in number, and haunts the brushwood, balsams, and other plants growing in the deep shade of forests. It is active, nimble, and restless.