Alcedo ispida, Lin.
134bis. :- Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 111.
THE EUROPEAN KINGFISHER.
Length, 6.8 to 7.5 ; expanse, 10 to 11; wing, 2.95 to 3.; bill, at front, 1.4 to 1.6.
Bill above blackish-brown, at base and beneath reddish-orange ; irides hazel; legs orange-red.
A broad bright orange stripe from the bill to the ear-coverts margined on the sides of the gape and crossed below the eye by a narrow black streak; sides of the neck with a white patch commencing from behind the ear-coverts ; chin and throat white ; head, nape, neck behind, a broad streak from the base of the lower mandible and lesser wing-coverts, greenish-blue; the feathers edged with bright light blue, and forming narrow bars or spots of that color; scapulars and exterior webs of the primaries greenish-blue, the inner webs of the latter dusky brown ; back, rump, and upper tail-coverts rich azure-blue ; tail deep blue ; breast and entire under surface of the body bright orange.
The European Kingfisher occurs commonly in Sind, where it takes the place of A. bengalensis; the latter, however, is not altogether absent, but only occurs as an occasional seasonal visitant.
Its nesting arrangements are similar to those of its relative, A. bengalensis.