556. Alauda gulgula

556. INDIAN SKYLARK.
ALAUDA GULGULA.
Alauda gulgula, Frankl. P.Z.S. 1831, p. 119 ; Sharpe, Oat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 575 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. ii. p. 326 ; Dresser, ix. p. 229, pl. 684 ; A. coelivox, Swinhoe, Zool. 1859, p. 6723 : A. sala, id. Ibis, 1870, p. 354 ; A. wattersi, id. P.Z.S., 1871, p. 389 ; A. australis, Brooks, Str. F. i. p. 486 (1873) ; A. peguensis, Oates, Str. Feath. iii. p. 343 (1875).
Bhurut, Hind. ; Bee-lone Burm. ; Gomarita, Cing.
Male ad. (Transcaspia). Resembles A. arvensis but is greyer, has the tinder parts whiter, is smaller, and has the bill longer and more slender ; bill dark horn, fleshy pink at the base below ; legs fleshy brown ; iris brown. Culmen 0.65, wing 3.35, tail 2.0, tarsus 0.95, hind-toe with claw 0.84 inch. The female does not differ except in being smaller in size.
Hab. Transcaspia ; through India, Ceylon, and Burma to southern China and the Philippines.
In habits it resembles our Skylark and is found in cultivated land and also on the plains which are covered with short paddy and elephant-grass. In most of its range it appears to be resident. Its song resembles that of A. arvensis, and is usually uttered when the bird is circling in the air, and it is said to soar very high. Its mode of nidification is much the same as that of A. arvensis. The nest is placed in a depression on the ground, usually under shelter of a clod, tuft of grass or a bush, and is constructed of grass-bents, lined with finer grass, and like the Skylark it usually rears two broods in the year, from February to May, and from August to October. The eggs 3 to 5 in number are greyish or yellowish white, speckled, spotted, freckled, and sometimes blotched with pale yellowish or purplish brown or very pale inky purple, and in size average about 0.8 by 0.61.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
556. Alauda gulgula
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
556
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
389
Common name: 
Indian Skylark
M_ID: 
21811
M_CN: 
Oriental Skylark
M_SN: 
Alauda gulgula
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10403

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