841. MANDARIN DUCK.
AEx galericulata (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 206 (1766) ; (Seebohm), B. Jap. Emp. p. 248 ; Gould, B. of Asia, vii. pl. 69 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 501 ; Salvadori, Cat. 15. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 76 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1127 ; Ridgway, p. 99.
Male ad. (China). Forehead green, merging into purple on the crown ; occipital crest coppery red, becoming dark purple and green below ; some of the lateral crest-feathers, region round and behind the eye on the neck, white ; upper parts, wings, and rump glossy olivaceous ; primaries externally greyish white ; short secondaries glossy metallic blue tipped with white, the inner ones falcate on the outer web, glossy blue, the inner web broad fan-shaped, chestnut, margined with velvety blue-black ; chin and throat warm pale rufous, the latter with white stripes, the feathers much elongated ; upper breast and its sides purplish blue, the latter tipped with white ; rest of under parts white, the flanks warm rufous finely vermiculated with black ; tarsus and toes reddish yellow, the membranes blackish ; bill reddish brown, the nail bluish flesh-colour ; iris dark brown, the outer ring yellowish white. Culmen 1.3, wing 9.5, tail 4.5, tarsus 1.4 inch. The female has the upper parts brownish olive, the crown and hind-neck greyish ; nuchal feathers elongate ; feathers round the eye, and a long stripe behind the eye, white ; chin and throat white ; breast brownish, spotted with white ; rest of under parts white. In the summe plumage the male resembles the female but has the upper parts more glossed, and the spots on the breast reddish instead of white.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Japan, Corea on passage ; resident in central and southern China, Formosa.
Frequents rivers and lakes ; nests in hollow trees like the American AEx sponsa, and deposits pale yellowish eggs, which measure about 2.08 by 1.57.
841. Aex galericulata
841. MANDARIN DUCK.